2021 USPSTF lung cancer screening criteria expand eligibility

2021 USPSTF lung cancer screening criteria expand eligibility

(HealthDay)—The 2021 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) criteria for lung cancer screening increase eligibility compared with earlier screening criteria, with reduced racial disparity, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in JAMA Oncology.

Chan Yeu Pu, M.D., from the Wayne State University School of Medicine in Detroit, and colleagues enrolled 912 patients with lung cancer and 1,457 controls to assess whether participants would have qualified for lung cancer screening using the 2013 USPSTF, 2021 USPSTF, and 2012 modification of the model from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (PLCOm2012) screening criteria.

The researchers found that of the patients with lung cancer, 65, 68, and 49 percent were eligible for screening with the 2021 USPSTF criteria, the PLCOm2012 criteria, and the 2013 USPSTF criteria, respectively. Significantly more White than African American with lung cancer would be eligible for screening with use of the 2013 USPSTF criteria (52 versus 42 percent). With use of the 2021 USPSTF criteria and the PLCOm2012 criteria, this racial disparity was absent. Overall, 65, 58, and 49 percent of control participants were excluded using the 2013 USPSTF criteria, the PLCOm2012 criteria, and the 2021 USPSTF criteria, respectively. Fewer White than African American control participants were excluded with the 2013 USPSTF criteria (61 versus 70 percent); this racial disparity was not seen with the 2021 USPSTF criteria and PLCOm2012 guidelines.

"Overall, this study provides us with actionable information, affirming that adjustments to lung cancer screening criteria have the potential to mitigate disparity in screening and perhaps outcomes," write the authors of an accompanying editorial.

One author disclosed financial ties to the .


Explore further

2021 USPSTF guidance expands eligibility for lung cancer screening

More information: Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Journal information: JAMA Oncology

Copyright © 2021 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: 2021 USPSTF lung cancer screening criteria expand eligibility (2022, January 19) retrieved 20 May 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-01-uspstf-lung-cancer-screening-criteria.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
2 shares

Feedback to editors