New study finds prolonged, low-level radon exposure is still a leading cause of lung cancer

lung disease
Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain

A study led by the University of California, Irvine shows a strong relationship between prolonged exposure to low levels of radon and lung cancer, indicating a need for enhanced protection measures. Radon gas in the air decays into tiny radioactive particles that can damage lung cells and lead to cancer.

Findings were recently published in the online journal Environmental Health Perspectives.

"Mining operations today tend to involve lower exposures than in the past, but our study shows that these lower exposures still increase a person's risk. Reducing radon exposure in our workplaces and homes remains an important way to reduce lung cancer," said David B. Richardson, Ph.D., corresponding author, UCI Program in Public Health associate dean of research and professor of environmental and .

Miners historically have had among the highest levels of workplace radon exposure, but the team also noted a wide variety of other workplaces where radon presents significant hazards, including subways, tunnels, utility service ducts, underground parking garages, phosphate fertilizer plants, and oil refineries. Residential settings also pose a threat. Concentrations are typically low but can vary widely, depending on geology, building construction, ventilation and heating.

Unlike prior studies that relied heavily upon information that was collected when radon exposures were high and poorly estimated, the international team focused on contemporary miners working in Canada, the Czech Republic, France, Germany and the U.S. Their findings show that the risk of lung cancer increases with low-level radon exposures, and particularly impacts the risk of lung cancer among young adults.

"Our study underscores the need for better protections and sets a strong foundation to build a new generation of models for developing estimates on the risk of lung cancer after low-level radon exposure, which is the primary contemporary concern," Richardson said.

The team included health professionals and academics from the U.S., Canada, the Czech Republic, France and Germany.

More information: David B. Richardson et al, Lung Cancer and Radon: Pooled Analysis of Uranium Miners Hired in 1960 or Later, Environmental Health Perspectives (2022). DOI: 10.1289/EHP10669

Citation: New study finds prolonged, low-level radon exposure is still a leading cause of lung cancer (2022, June 14) retrieved 20 May 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-06-prolonged-low-level-radon-exposure-lung.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

New Canadian houses found to have much higher radon gas levels than those in Sweden

33 shares

Feedback to editors