Study examines how mTOR complexes control energy metabolism

Study examines how mTOR complexes control energy metabolism
mTOR Signaling and mechanism of actions of mTOR inhibitors. (A) Binding of mTOR inhibitors to different domains on the mTOR protein. Rapamycin binds to the FKBP Rapamycin Binding (FRB) domain, and FKBP-12 forms a ternary complex that blocks mTORC1 functions; Torin-2 binds to the kinase domain, RapaLink-1 binds to both the FRB and the kinase domains. (B) RapaLink-1, Torin-2, rapamycin, and the combination of Torin-2 and metformin (TM) and RapaLink-1 and metformin (RLM) decreased mTOR signaling to downstream target P-S6. Credit: Nutrients (2022). DOI: 10.3390/nu14153022

A new study led by Associate Professor Ghada Soliman examines how the mechanistic target of Rapamycin (mTOR) protein regulates nutrient metabolism and glucose homeostasis in humans.

For their study published in Nutrients , Dr. Soliman and colleagues used to investigate the effects of mTOR complexes on the metabolomics, all the metabolites in a biological sample, as a proxy of the internal exposome and the amino acids, the building blocks of proteins. In addition, mitochondrial functions were analyzed as a readout of energy metabolism and oxidative stress. The findings provide a mechanistic underpinning and biological insight to show how mTOR complexes (mTORC1 and mTORC2) regulate the metabolism in the pancreas.

Understanding how the mTOR complexes function in controlling energy metabolism will shed light on the causal contribution of mTOR to and intermittent fasting, which are currently sought after for weight loss, cardiometabolic health benefits, and increasing lifespan.

"Caloric restriction and intermittent fasting are increasingly recognized as tools for programs, longevity, and health effects," says Dr. Soliman. "Understanding how these approaches work biologically in the will enable us to design personalized approaches for precision nutrition and public health."

More information: Ghada A. Soliman et al, mTORC1 and mTORC2 Complexes Regulate the Untargeted Metabolomics and Amino Acid Metabolites Profile through Mitochondrial Bioenergetic Functions in Pancreatic Beta Cells, Nutrients (2022). DOI: 10.3390/nu14153022
Journal information: Nutrients

Citation: Study examines how mTOR complexes control energy metabolism (2022, August 30) retrieved 7 December 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-08-mtor-complexes-energy-metabolism.html
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