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Stigmatization takes a major toll on those living with skin diseases across Europe, says study

Stigmatization a major impact of skin diseases across Europe
Frequencies of the answers to the question ‘When was the diagnosis confirmed?’ in patients with different skin diseases. Credit: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (2023). DOI:10.1111/jdv.18916

A major pan-European study has revealed that almost all patients affected by skin diseases face embarrassment, with the psychological burden compounding the physical impact of living with the disease.

The Burden of Skin Disease in Europe, published in the Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (JEADV), analyzed 19,015 individuals with a range of skin diseases and revealed the huge psychological toll of living with a disease. The diseases examined included, among others, fungal skin infections, acne, atopic dermatitis (eczema), alopecia, psoriasis and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

With high levels of stigmatization, about nine in 10 (88%) patients with considered their disease to be embarrassing in their , with 83% reporting the same in their working life. Furthermore, almost 25% reported to have changed their professional activity due to their disease, and work life was particularly impaired in patients with acne (48%) and urticaria (60%).

Previous findings from The Burden of Skin Disease in Europe study show that almost half of the adult European population declared having at least one dermatological disease. The prevalence of skin diseases is likely to be significantly higher than this, and 40% of skin cancers and STD diagnoses remain unrecognized on the first consultation and diagnosed at later medical consultations.

Prof. Marie-Aleth Richard, lead author of the research, comments, "This study highlights the alarming psychosocial challenge faced by individuals with skin diseases and underscores the need to provide psychological support to patients, and to mitigate the stigmatization that patients endure in their personal and professional lives. With a profound impact on , these exert a significant toll on patients' quality of life."

Surprisingly, despite their high prevalence, and in some cases severe psychological and physical impact, skin diseases receive limited policy, research and funding attention.

The journey of patients with skin diseases is frequently complex, with many patients avoiding medical consultations. This, in turn, contributes to the diseases being under recognized and underfunded, with low awareness of the true burden that skin diseases cause on the European population.

Many of the issues contributing to medical avoidance in skin diseases—which include a low perceived need for care and financial reasons—can be resolved with improved health literacy and consequential patient empowerment, ensuring that patients are better informed about their treatment possibilities.

Despite numerous challenges across the field, public perception of dermatologists across the continent is encouraging. Eight in 10 (81%) patients report that they are satisfied with their dermatology service and the medical information they receive.

"The burden is huge," adds Prof. Myrto Trakatelli, Chair of EADV's Advocacy Working Group. "In spite of this, skin diseases are systematically underestimated, and only a small number of interventions on tackling associated stigmatization have been published."

"Urgent action must now be taken to raise awareness of the impact that skin diseases have on individuals, economies and society and to ensure that patients receive the holistic care they need, including mental health support. Eliminating stigma across the field is of paramount importance to really improve the life of the many living with diseases, so we call on policymakers to take concerted action to address both the physical and psychological burden of ."

This year, the EADV Congress takes place in Berlin, Germany, and online from 11–14 October 2023.

More information: Marie Aleth Richard et al, The journey of patients with skin diseases from the first consultation to the diagnosis in a representative sample of the European general population from the EADV burden of skin diseases study, Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (2023). DOI: 10.1111/jdv.18916. onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jdv.18916

Provided by European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Citation: Stigmatization takes a major toll on those living with skin diseases across Europe, says study (2023, October 9) retrieved 19 June 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2023-10-stigmatization-major-toll-skin-diseases.html
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