This article has been reviewed according to Science X's editorial process and policies. Editors have highlighted the following attributes while ensuring the content's credibility:

fact-checked

trusted source

written by researcher(s)

proofread

Music can ease the January blues—but the types of songs that work depend on your age and mindset

happy music
Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain

Music can significantly boost your mental health—delivering benefits similar to those provided by exercise or weight loss. It can also reduce feelings of anxiety and physiological measures of stress and, as neuropsychologist Daniel Levitin argues, even create the same "neurochemical cocktail" as other pleasurable activities, like orgasms or eating chocolate.

So what type of should you turn to in order to boost your mood? Researchers have found that music with a fast tempo, written in the major mode (such as Led Zeppelin's Rock and Roll) evokes a sense of happiness, whereas music with a slow tempo in the minor mode (like Johnny Cash's somber cover of Hurt) evokes a sense of sadness. But, as illogical as it may seem, that sensation of sadness may actually help lead to .

A 2013 research paper says that mood-congruent experiences of art—like listening to sad music when feeling sad—offers a sense of emotional sharing, akin to interacting with an empathic friend. And research from 2018 on music's effect on mood confirms that "sad" music can have a positive effect, with the researchers arguing that "when experiencing sadness, focusing on sad music can be a positive and even a strengthening experience."

This links with philosopher Aristote's theory of catharsis, which suggests that we experience the emotion of sadness through music in order to purge the emotion from ourselves in real life.

Led Zeppelin’s Rock and Roll has a fast tempo and is written in the major mode – ideal happy music.

Professor of musicology Kim Cunio agrees that lifting your mood with music probably isn't as simple as listening to up-tempo music in a major key. She suggests that to reap the mood-boosting benefits of music, listeners need to "follow the heart" and choose the music that most resonates with them.

But what about the lyrics? It may be the case that sad sounding songs have a positive effect on mood, but can the same be said about sad words?

A 2020 study on trauma processing noted that lyrics that were relatable helped patients feel supported when processing their emotions and struggles.

This is supported by a by psychologists Kazuma Mori and Makoto Iwanaga who reported that when listening to a sad song, listeners could identify with the lyrics and felt as if the singer knew their own sad experiences. This made them feel understood, bringing about an experience of pleasure.

Dancing Queen is a mood-boosting choice for those aged over 25.

Research has already suggested that our musical tastes change as we get older. For example, our preference for increases as we age while our preference for rock decreases. But further findings have shown that a listener's age can also affect the types of music that improve their low mood.

Young adults report a preference for listening to to lift their , compared with adults over the age of 25, who tend to report more positive feelings being evoked by happy music.

So, if you're suffering from the January blues, and you are over the age of 25, it might be a better idea to listen to Abba's Dancing Queen or Justin Timberlake's Can't Stop The Feeling instead of The Cure or Billie Eilish. In my case, though, as a devotee of what my family categorize as "misery music," this may just make things worse.

Provided by The Conversation

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.The Conversation

Citation: Music can ease the January blues—but the types of songs that work depend on your age and mindset (2024, January 16) retrieved 16 April 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-01-music-ease-january-blues-songs.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

Focused listening study explores the healing charms of music

2 shares

Feedback to editors