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Researchers investigate the dietary impacts of dairy within the Japanese population

Researchers investigate the dietary impacts of dairy within the Japanese population
Dietary habits impact plasma lipid concentrations. Credit: Mitsuharu Sato

A recent study by Tohoku University researchers has shed light on the association between dairy product consumption and odd-number carbon chain fatty acids (odd-FA) within the Japanese population, a correlation previously confirmed in Europe and Oceania but understudied in Asian countries.

Details of their research were published in the journal Metabolomics on March 5, 2024.

Odd-FA are fewer in numbers compared to fatty acids with even numbers of carbon atoms. A major source of odd-FA for humans is through dairy, mainly synthesized by microorganisms in the stomachs of ruminants.

"After combing through databases that explored the correlations between food habits and lipids, we homed in on the association between dairy product consumption and odd-FA," says Kengo Kinoshita, co-author of the study, and a professor at Tohoku University's Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization. "While previous studies extensively explored this association in Europe and Oceania, very few have looked into Asian countries."

Kinoshita and his colleagues collected and food frequency questionnaires from more than 4,000 Miyagi-prefecture residents, to examine daily food consumption and its impact on 439 plasma lipid species.

The study also examined how consuming confectioneries, such as cookies, chocolate, cakes, and wagashi (Japanese-style snacks), reduces fatty acids. Competition between omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids may be the cause, as confectionery and lipids thought to contain omega-6 fatty acids were positively correlated.

Given the well-known benefits of omega-3 in promoting healthy brain functions, reducing mortality and lowering the risk of cardiovascular diseases, the findings suggest caution should be taken in the confectionary consumption of omega 6 fatty acid.

Addressing the next steps for future studies, the study suggests a key role for odd-FA-containing sphingomyelin (SM) in dietary odd-FA metabolism, offering valuable insights for further research in this area.

"While our findings primarily focus on diet-lipid associations within the Japanese population, we believe that the identification of sphingomyelin (SM) as an important molecule in odd-FA metabolism holds broader significance beyond ethnicity-specific contexts," says Kinoshita.

More information: Mitsuharu Sato et al, Dietary habits and plasma lipid concentrations in a general Japanese population, Metabolomics (2024). DOI: 10.1007/s11306-024-02087-1

Provided by Tohoku University
Citation: Researchers investigate the dietary impacts of dairy within the Japanese population (2024, April 15) retrieved 24 May 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-04-dietary-impacts-dairy-japanese-population.html
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