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Ingestible microbiome sampling pill technology advances toward human clinical trials

Ingestible microbiome sampling pill technology advances
The pill devices have a soft elastic exterior with sidewall inlets, which are triggered to open by pH levels in the small intestine environment. Elastic microvalves close the inlets once the intestinal microbiome content has been collected. Credit: Sameer Sonkusale, Tufts University Nano Lab

Significant progress has been made at Tufts University School of Engineering in the development of a small device, about the size of a vitamin pill, that can be swallowed and passed through the gastrointestinal tract to sample the full inventory of microorganisms in an individual's gastro-intestinal tract.

This device has the potential to advance research on the relationship between resident bacteria and a wide range of health conditions. It could also serve as a for adjusting the or administering drugs to treat those conditions.

The device has completed preclinical characterization—as presented in the journal Device—paving the way for upcoming human clinical trials. It is characterized by a 3D printed soft elastic exterior with sidewall inlets that open in response to the changing acidity as the pill reaches the small intestine.

The pill uses elastic microvalves with swellable polyacrylate beads that close the inlets once intestinal content has been collected. The technology was developed at Tufts Nano Lab by a team led by Professor Sameer Sonkusale, along with post-doctoral researcher Ruben Del-Rio-Ruiz who is lead author on the preclinical study.

A second team of researchers led by Professor Giovanni Widmer at the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University assisted by Ph.D. candidate Debora Silva, performed the tests in animals and analyzed the samples collected by the pill.

Improvements over previous versions of the pill include using a soft elastic exterior rather than a rigid shell, to make it easier to ingest, and significantly improved control over localized sampling of the microbiome in the .

Current techniques to study the intestinal microbiome primarily rely on . This technology represents a significant advance in understanding the function of the thousands of microbial species populating the entire length of the and their effects on health.

More information: Soft Autonomous Ingestible Device for Sampling the Small Intestinal Microbiome, Device (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.device.2024.100406. www.cell.com/device/fulltext/S2666-9986(24)00242-4

Journal information: Device
Provided by Tufts University
Citation: Ingestible microbiome sampling pill technology advances toward human clinical trials (2024, June 12) retrieved 17 July 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-06-ingestible-microbiome-sampling-pill-technology.html
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