Kyoto University

Kyoto University (京都大学, Kyōto daigaku), or Kyodai (京大, Kyōdai) is a national university located in Kyoto, Japan. It is the second oldest Japanese university,, one of the highest ranked universities in Asia and formerly one of Japan's Imperial Universities. The forerunner of the Kyoto University was the Chemistry School (舎密局, Seimikyoku) founded in Osaka in 1869, which, despite its name, taught physics as well. (舎密 is a transcription of a Dutch word chemie.) Later, the Third Higher School (第三髙等學校, Daisan kōtō gakkō) was established in the place of Seimi-kyoku in 1886, it then transferred to the university's present main campus in the same year. Kyoto Imperial University (京都帝國大學, Kyōto teikoku daigaku) as a part of the Imperial University system was established on June 18, 1897, using the Third Higher School's buildings. The higher school moved to a patch of land just across the street, where the Yoshida South Campus stands today. In the same year of the university's establishment, the College of Science and Technology was founded.

Address
Yoshida Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto
Website
http://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/index-e.html
Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kyoto_University

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Medical research

New gears in your sleep clock

The circadian cycle, a long-studied factor controlling human sleep cycles, actually has two forms, one that keeps a key protein stable, and another that promotes its degradation.

Neuroscience

Building trees: The protein controlling neuron branch growth

A protein called Metastasis-suppressor 1 (MTSS1) activates one pathway and inhibits another competing pathway, thus playing a dual role that determines how neuron branches in the brain form, according to research published ...

Oncology & Cancer

A major step towards individualized cancer therapy

Fuyuhiko Tamanoi of Kyoto University's Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS) and colleagues in the U.S. succeeded in establishing a powerful and convenient model to analyse human cancer.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Leukemia-causing retrovirus HTLV-1 vaccine a future possibility

A study appearing in the in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences gives new clues into how cancers like leukemia form from the retrovirus HTLV-1, as well as insights into the possible creation of a vaccine.

HIV & AIDS

How does HIV escape cellular booby traps?

HIV is believed to have evolved from a simian immunodeficiency virus, or SIV, that originated in chimpanzees. How SIV made the species jump has remained a mystery, since humans possess a defense mechanism that should prevent ...

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