Kyoto University

Medical research

Researchers use iPS cells to show statin effects on diseased bone

Skeletal dysplasia is a group of rare diseases that afflict skeletal growth through abnormalities in bone and cartilage. Its onset hits at the fetal stage and is caused by genetic mutations. A mutation in the gene encoding ...

Neuroscience

Neuron circuitry from brain signals

The brain is considered to be one of the most complex systems in existence. And while significant headway has been made to understand it, we tend to generate more questions than answers.

Genetics

Awakening stem cells to unlock the brain's regenerative potential

The human body has powerful healing abilities. But treating brain disorders is no easy task, as brain cells—neurons—have limited ability to regenerate. Nonetheless, stem cells are a form of natural backup, a vestige of ...

Medical research

New gears in your sleep clock

The circadian cycle, a long-studied factor controlling human sleep cycles, actually has two forms, one that keeps a key protein stable, and another that promotes its degradation.

Neuroscience

Building trees: The protein controlling neuron branch growth

A protein called Metastasis-suppressor 1 (MTSS1) activates one pathway and inhibits another competing pathway, thus playing a dual role that determines how neuron branches in the brain form, according to research published ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Leukemia-causing retrovirus HTLV-1 vaccine a future possibility

A study appearing in the in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences gives new clues into how cancers like leukemia form from the retrovirus HTLV-1, as well as insights into the possible creation of a vaccine.

HIV & AIDS

How does HIV escape cellular booby traps?

HIV is believed to have evolved from a simian immunodeficiency virus, or SIV, that originated in chimpanzees. How SIV made the species jump has remained a mystery, since humans possess a defense mechanism that should prevent ...

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