Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Cellular antiviral defenses

Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a quality control mechanism that regulates levels of both aberrant and wild-type cellular RNAs. It also contributes to antiviral immunity against select plant and human RNA viruses. However, ...

Medical research

Virus co-opts immune protein to avoid antiviral defences

By discovering a trick the hepatitis C virus uses to evade the immune system, scientists have identified a new antiviral defense system that could be used to treat many virus infections, according to new research published ...

HIV & AIDS

Immunotherapy combo achieves reservoir shrinkage in HIV model

Stimulating immune cells with two cancer immunotherapies together can shrink the size of the viral "reservoir" in SIV-infected non-human primates treated with antiviral drugs, researchers have concluded. The reservoir includes ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

What are viruses anyway, and why do they make us so sick?

You may sometimes have felt like you "have come down with a virus," meaning that you became sick from being exposed to something that could have been a virus. In fact, you have a virus—actually, many—all the time. Some ...

Immunology

Second DNA-sensing pathway in humans discovered

A team of researchers at Washington State University has discovered a second DNA-sensing pathway that initiates an antiviral response to foreign genetic material in human cells. In their paper published in the journal Science ...

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