Neuroscience

Researchers discover possible key to degenerative nerve diseases

(Medical Xpress) -- Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and collaborators have discovered a powerful new protein in the eye of the fruit fly that may shed light on blinding diseases and other sensory problems ...

Neuroscience

Scientists find sensor that makes synapses fast

Synapses, the connections between neurons, come in different flavors, depending on the chemical they use as transmitter. Signal transmitters, or neurotransmitters, are released at the synapse after calcium ions flow into ...

Neuroscience

Turn left! How myosin-Va helps direct neuron growth

Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have discovered a protein complex that helps direct the growth of axons—the parts of neurons that make up our nerves, connecting our senses and muscles to the brain ...

Neuroscience

Crag keeps the light 'fantastic' for photoreceptors

The ability of the eye of a fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) to respond to light depends on a delicate ballet that keeps the supply of light sensors called rhodopsin constant as photoreceptors turn on and off in response ...

Neuroscience

Researchers define function of an enigmatic synaptic protein

In the brains, neurons communicate by sending chemical signals across synapses. The molecular machinery required to send a signal involves not only the neurotransmitter signal itself, but a large variety of other proteins ...