Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

FDA-approved drug shows promise against ALS in mice

The cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)—a disabling neurodegenerative disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord and leads to weakened muscles and early death—is not fully understood, but accumulating ...

Oncology & Cancer

Splicing factor to blame in triple negative breast cancer

If your DNA is a cookbook, a single gene is a recipe. But it's a flexible recipe that if edited one way can make a pie; edited another way can make a cake. And that difference can mean cancer, as a team of researchers who ...

Immunology

Insights into a versatile molecular death switch

The enzyme caspase-8 induces a molecular cell death programme called pyroptosis without involving its enzymatic activity, a new study by Hamid Kashkar published in Nature shows. In order to safeguard healthy and functioning ...

Medical research

Cell death or cancer growth: A question of cohesion

Activation of CD95, a receptor found on all cancer cells, triggers programmed cell death—or does the opposite, namely stimulates cancer cell growth. Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) have now shown ...

Neuroscience

Nerve cell protection free from side effects

The hormone erythropoietin (Epo) is a well-known doping substance that has a long history of abuse in endurance sports such as cycling. In addition to promoting red blood cell production (erythropoiesis), which improves the ...

Medical research

Stressing cancer with spice

A new study by scientists in Japan and Indonesia reports how an experimental drug agent stops cancer cells from growing. A little over a decade ago, Indonesian scientists first reported pentagamavumon-1 (PGV-1), an analogue ...

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Programmed cell death

Programmed cell-death (or PCD) is death of a cell in any form, mediated by an intracellular program. In contrast to necrosis, which is a form of cell-death that results from acute tissue injury and provokes an inflammatory response, PCD is carried out in a regulated process which generally confers advantage during an organism's life-cycle. PCD serves fundamental functions during both plant and metazoa (multicellular animals) tissue development.

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