Medical research

Palmitoylation, a new target for anti-cancer drugs

Peripheral membrane proteins temporarily bind to cell membranes, a necessary step for them to be able to fulfill their biological function. To do this, certain enzymes that catalyze their lipid modification come into action. ...

Immunology

A new approach against chronic inflammation

The cells in our body have a sophisticated alarm system, the inflammasome. Its central component is the so-called ASC protein. In the event of danger, such as an attack by a pathogen, many of these molecules join together ...

Medications

Nasal antiviral blocks SARS-CoV-2 infection in mice

SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, has continuously mutated since it emerged in late 2019. This rapid evolution poses challenges for vaccines and treatments designed to target the virus. A booster shot is now needed ...

Immunology

How sugar promotes inflammation

People who consume sugar and other carbohydrates in excess over a long period of time have an increased risk of developing an autoimmune disease. In affected patients, the immune system attacks the body's own tissue and the ...

Immunology

Cannibal immune cells could offer new treatment path

Melbourne researchers have discovered that an immune cell, thought largely to be focused on fighting infection in newborns and infants, can in fact cannibalize the features of other immune cells, making it a potential new ...

Medical research

Immune system uses pore-forming protein to kill unwanted cells

Peter Mac scientists are part of a research team that has determined the structure of a pore-forming protein used by the immune system to kill unwanted cells. The work was led by researchers in the Department of Biological ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Research discovery could enable broad coronavirus vaccine

The COVID-causing virus SARS-CoV-2 harbors a vulnerable site at the base of its spike protein that is found also on closely related coronaviruses, according to a new study from Scripps Research. The discovery, published Feb ...

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Cell membrane

The cell membrane (also called the plasma membrane or plasmalemma) is the biological membrane separating the interior of a cell from the outside environment.

It is a semipermeable lipid bilayer found in all cells. It contains a wide variety of biological molecules, primarily proteins and lipids, which are involved in a vast array of cellular processes such as cell adhesion, ion channel conductance and cell signaling. The plasma membrane also serves as the attachment point for both the intracellular cytoskeleton and, if present, the extracellular cell wall.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA