Diabetes

Short-chain fatty acids in diet stimulate fat utilization

(HealthDay)—Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), the main products of dietary fiber fermentation, induce a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) γ-dependent switch from lipid synthesis to lipid utilization, according ...

Diabetes

How does DPP-4 inhibition affect liver function?

(HealthDay)—Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibition may attenuate hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance induced by the Western diet (WD) through hepatic lipid remodeling and modulation of hepatic mitochondrial function, ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Earlier life adiposity trajectories linked to NAFLD in teens

(HealthDay)—Earlier life trajectories of adiposity are associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of Gastroenterology and ...

Health

Snacking contributes to fatty liver and abdominal obesity

Researchers from The Netherlands found that snacking on high-fat and high-sugar foods was independently associated with abdominal fat and fatty liver (hepatic steatosis). According to the study published in Hepatology, a ...

Cardiology

Direct fitness measures better predict cardiometabolic risk

(HealthDay)—Directly measured fitness is more strongly associated with cardiovascular risk than self-reported physical activity level, according to research published in the Feb. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Diabetes

Pot smoking linked to some metabolic changes

(HealthDay)—Regularly smoking pot is associated with visceral adiposity and adipose tissue insulin resistance, but not other metabolic changes such as impaired β-cell function or hepatic steatosis, according to a study ...

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