Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Pandemics on the rise: Why?

Infectious diseases have been around for millennia—with the earliest known communicable diseases being measles, smallpox, and influenza. While the latest novel infectious disease, COVID-19, came as a shock to individuals ...

Immunology

How the immune system deals with the gut's plethora of microbes

The gut is an unusually noisy place, where hundreds of species of bacteria live alongside whatever microbes happen to have hitched a ride in on your lunch. Scientists have long suspected that the gut's immune system, in the ...

Parkinson's & Movement disorders

Gut bacteria could be responsible for side effect of Parkinson's drug

Bacteria in the small intestine can deaminate levodopa, the main drug that is used to treat Parkinson's disease. Bacterial processing of the unabsorbed fractions of the drug results in a metabolite that reduces gut motility. ...

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Species

In biology, a species is:

There are many definitions of what kind of unit a species is (or should be). A common definition is that of a group of organisms capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring, and separated from other such groups with which interbreeding does not (normally) happen. Other definitions may focus on similarity of DNA or morphology. Some species are further subdivided into subspecies, and here also there is no close agreement on the criteria to be used.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA