Genetics

Epigenetic biomarkers predict CVD risk

Epigenetic biomarkers may reflect past cardiovascular health exposures and predict cardiovascular disease in the future, according to a Northwestern Medicine study published in the journal Circulation.

Cardiology

How does diabetes affect the heart?

DEAR MAYO CLINIC: I am 42 and recently was diagnosed with diabetes. My doctor said I could manage the condition with diet and exercise for now but suggested I follow up with a cardiologist. As far as I know, my heart is fine. ...

Oncology & Cancer

Sugar-sweetened drinks may raise risk for liver cancer

Consumption of one or more sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) per day is associated with increased risk of liver cancer, according to a study presented during Nutrition 2022, the annual meeting of the American Society for Nutrition, ...

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Sugar

Sugar (see below for etymology) is a class of edible crystalline substances, mainly sucrose, lactose, and fructose. Human taste buds interpret its flavor as sweet. Sugar as a basic food carbohydrate primarily comes from sugar cane and from sugar beet, but also appears in fruit, honey, sorghum, sugar maple (in maple syrup), and in many other sources. It forms the main ingredient in candy. Excessive consumption of sugar has been associated with increased incidences of type 2 diabetes, obesity and tooth decay.

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