Medical research

Coaxing cancer cells to commit suicide

An LMU team has identified an enzyme that is essential for DNA repair. Loss of this factor leads to cell death when cancer cells accumulate DNA damage. Chemical inhibition of the target protein offers a possible strategy ...

Oncology & Cancer

Researchers identify promising drug combination for melanoma

Researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah (U of U) have identified a potential drug combination to treat uveal melanoma, a type of eye cancer. Lead author Amanda Truong, trainee in the McMahon ...

Diabetes

Novel therapy approach for hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia

A new method to treat hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia has proven highly selective in targeting lesions and effective in slowing tumor growth, according to research published in the November issue of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine. ...

Oncology & Cancer

Antiangiogenic therapy can cause malignancy in kidney cancers

Angiogenesis is the process by which tumors create new blood vessels that will provide them the nutrients to continue growing. Antiangiogenic drugs specifically block this process. This type of therapy usually has good short-term ...

Oncology & Cancer

Nerves keep pancreatic cancer cells from starving

Pancreatic cancer cells avert starvation by signaling to nerves, which grow into dense tumors and secrete nutrients. This is the finding of a study with experiments in cancer cells, mice, and human tissue samples published ...

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Transforming growth factor

Transforming growth factor (sometimes referred to as Tumor growth factor, or TGF) is used to describe two classes of polypeptide growth factors, TGFα and TGFβ.

The name "Transforming Growth Factor" is somewhat arbitrary, since the two classes of TGFs are not structurally or genetically related to one another, and they act through different receptor mechanisms. Furthermore, they do not always induce cellular transformation, and are not the only growth factors that induce cellular transformation.

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