Type 2 Diabetes
(Medical Xpress)—Deep brain stimulation (DBS) in a precise region of the brain appears to reduce caloric intake and prompt weight loss in obese animal models, according to a new study led by researchers at the University ...
Neuroscience Apr 24, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
A potential new way to fight obesity-related illness has been uncovered, thanks to serendipitous research led by investigators at the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine.
Overweight and Obesity Apr 23, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
A new scoring system takes a holistic view of the effect of obesity treatment in patients.
Overweight and Obesity Apr 23, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
At TEDxSydney 2013 the Professor of Genetics at Harvard Medical School shares a new concept about why we age and how it should be possible to develop medicines to reverse it.
Health Apr 23, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0
Joslin scientists report significant findings about the location, genetic expression and function of human brown adipose tissue (BAT) and the generation of new BAT cells. These findings, which appear in the April 2013 issue ...
Medical research Apr 22, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 1 |
Consuming grapes may help protect against organ damage associated with the progression of metabolic syndrome, according to research presented Monday at the Experimental Biology conference in Boston. Natural components found ...
Health Apr 22, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Leicester researchers believe a new health MOT-style programme for over-40s is likely to uncover more diabetes, kidney or heart patients than expected.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Apr 19, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
(HealthDay)—Stroke and subclinical markers of macrovascular disease are associated with cognitive decline in older adults with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online April 11 in Diabetes Ca ...
Diabetes Apr 18, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
According to a study published in the Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, a baseline adherence to a Mediterranean diet (MeDiet) is associated with a lower risk of hyperuricemia, defined as a s ...
Health Apr 18, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
(HealthDay)—Activation of carotid bodies (CB) by insulin may account for increased sympathoadrenal activity that results in insulin resistance (IR) and arterial hypertension, according to an experimental ...
Diabetes Apr 17, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
(HealthDay)—Those able to survive with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) for more than 40 years are more likely to have better glycemic control, lower blood pressure, and more favorable lipid profiles, according to ...
Diabetes Apr 16, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
We are often asked whether coffee is good or bad for the health. The answer is both good and bad.
Health Apr 13, 2013 | 3.5 / 5 (6) | 0
(HealthDay)—Calorie reduction rather than the actual Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery seems to account for the improvement in glucose homeostasis in obese patients with type 2 diabetes who undergo ...
Diabetes Apr 11, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Gastric bypass surgery can drastically reduce the body weight of obese individuals in a short timeframe. For reasons that are not entirely clear, the surgery also leads to early remission of type 2 diabetes in the vast majority ...
Medical research Apr 11, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified a previously unknown biological mechanism involved in the regulation of pancreatic islet beta cells, whose role is to produce and release ...
Diabetes Apr 11, 2013 | not rated yet | 0 |
Diabetes mellitus type 2 – formerly non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes – is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. The classic symptoms are excess thirst, frequently having to urinate, and constant hunger. Type 2 diabetes makes up about 90% of cases of diabetes with the other 10% due primarily to diabetes mellitus type 1 and gestational diabetes. Obesity is the primary cause of type 2 diabetes in people who are genetically predisposed to the disease.
Type 2 diabetes is initially managed by increasing exercise and dietary modification. If blood sugars are not lowered by these measures, medications such as metformin or insulin may be needed. In those on insulin there is typically the requirement to routinely check blood sugar levels.
Rates of diabetes have increased markedly over the last 50 years in parallel with obesity. As of 2010 there are approximately 285 million people with the disease compared to around 30 million in 1985. Long-term complications from high blood sugar can include heart attacks, strokes, diabetic retinopathy where eye sight is affected, kidney failure which may require dialysis, and poor circulation of limbs leading to amputations. The acute complication ketoacidosis is uncommon unlike in type 1 diabetes, nonketonic hyperglycemia however may occur.
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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