German parliament OKs genetic embryo tests

By GEIR MOULSON , Associated Press
German Chancellor Angela Merkel is surrounded by parlamentarians as she casts her vote for a law to permit the procedure known as preimplantation genetic diagnosis under strict conditions in Berlin Thursday July 7, 2011. German lawmakers have voted to permit a procedure under which tests for genetic disorders are performed on embryos before they are implanted in the womb. Lawmakers voted Thursday 326-260, with eight abstentions, to permit the procedure known as preimplantation genetic diagnosis under strict conditions. The procedure is used after in vitro fertilization when parents want to avoid having a child with a lethal or severely debilitating birth defect. While it is permitted in other countries, its legality has been a gray area in Germany so far. ( AP Photo/dapd/ Michael Gottschalk)

(AP) -- After an emotional debate, German lawmakers voted Thursday to allow a procedure that looks for genetic disorders in embryos before they are implanted in the womb.

Lawmakers voted 326-260 to permit the procedure known as preimplantation genetic diagnosis under strict conditions after a debate that cut across party lines. Eight lawmakers abstained.

The procedure is sometimes used after in-vitro fertilization, when parents whose families have a history of genetic disorders want to avoid having a child with a lethal or severely debilitating .

Elsewhere in Europe and in the U.S., the test is often used in who have failed in previous attempts to have children while using IVF in hopes that the test will boost their chances of implanting the best embryo.

While the procedure is permitted in other countries, its legality had been a gray area in Germany. Parliament took up the issue after a federal court last year ruled that a doctor who had performed the procedure hadn't committed any offense.

Under the law approved Thursday, an ethics commission will have to decide on a case-by-case basis whether couples can use the procedure. An expert would have to certify that a couple's child faced a high risk of a serious or that a miscarriage or stillbirth was likely.

A large minority of lawmakers had favored a total ban on the practice, with some saying that even limited permission for set a bad precedent.

"This is about variety: Do we want to allow it in our society?" asked Katrin Goering-Eckardt of the opposition Greens, one of those advocating a ban.

But lawmakers who backed allowing the practice said it would be an option only in a few cases, and argued that parents who worry about possible should be trusted with the decision to use it.

"I am firmly convinced that we should not choose to close our eyes to how we can use appropriately to support and help these long-suffering families," said Labor Minister Ursula von der Leyen.

Opposition lawmaker Soeren Bartol said he wanted to give couples at risk of passing on genetic disorders the option of deciding to have a child.

"I would also like these parents to be spared, as far as possible, the terrible experience of a miscarriage or a still birth," he added.

Debates on procedures that involve genetic selection tend to be tinged in Germany by memories of the country's Nazi past, but no one mentioned that during the debate. In 2002, lawmakers allowed only limited imports of human embryo cells for research after the German president warned that the country should move carefully in the light of previous Nazi experiments on humans.

Thursday's debate centered squarely on the morality of the procedure, a test done to pick the best , rather than its medical merits, which researchers say have largely been a disappointment.

Doctors had assumed the test would improve pregnancy rates, but studies showed that women who had their embryos tested were actually less likely to become pregnant, probably because scientists still can't accurately predict which embryos will succeed.

A study in its early stages presented this week at a European fertility conference in Stockholm suggested that embryos which look problematic three days after fertilization can fix themselves by day five. Many embryos created by IVF are implanted after three days, although doctors are increasingly waiting until day five if possible.

The German motion allows tests removing one to two cells out of an embryo about three days after its fertilization - when it typically has about eight cells - to see whether it looks abnormal. Some experts say that is too early and jeopardizes the embryo's future development.

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