Using stem cells from hip replacements to help treat ageing adults

by Fiona Macdonald

(Medical Xpress)—The tissue normally discarded during routine hip replacements could be a rich new source of adult stem cells for use in regenerative medicine, UNSW-led research has found.

With tens of thousands of surgeries performed each year, this could have "profound implications" in clinical use, the scientists say.

"In , the femoral head and part of the neck are resected to accommodate the neck of the implant," explains study leader Professor Melissa Knothe Tate, the Paul M Trainor Chair in Biomedical Engineering at UNSW.

"Typically this tissue is discarded, yet it may provide an untapped source of autologous stem cells for ageing adults who were born a generation too early to benefit from banking of tissues like umbilical cord blood at birth."

The study, published in the latest issue of Stem Cells Translational Medicine, was led by the UNSW Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering and involved orthopaedic surgeon Dr Ulf Knothe of the Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland, scientists from Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich and Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland.

The researchers wanted to determine the feasibility of using the patient's own tissue removed during routine joint replacement to potentially heal and/or repair failing organs and to treat diseases.

The team collected periosteum derived stem cells (PDCs) from patients with rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis, ranging in age from 30 to 72 years, who had undergone joint replacements. They compared them with commercial bone marrow stem cells derived from prenatal donors in patients up to 72-years-old.

Based on the results, the PDCs exhibited "remarkable similarities" to the cultured under identical laboratory conditions. They also showed "no significant differences" in their ability to differentiate into other cells due to the donor's age or disease state," Professor Knothe Tate and her team said in their paper.

"The use of periosteum tissue that is discarded with the femoral neck in replacing the hip is highly novel, as it represents an unprecedented and to date unstudied source of stem cells from or osteoarthritis patients," they said.

Dr Ulf Knothe, the leading clinican on the study, concluded: "Use of from periosteum may open up unprecedented opportunities for the treatment of disease and tissue/organ failure in a population of osteoarthritic patients born around four decades too early to bank their own cord tissue or blood."

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Recommended for you

Doctors who helped paralysed man walk seek new patients

1 hour ago

The Polish doctors who performed the revolutionary treatment that allowed a paralysed man to walk again said Wednesday they were looking for new candidates, as their patient described how the medical procedure has changed hi ...

Cause of ageing remains elusive

2 hours ago

A report by Chinese researchers in the journal Nature a few months ago was a small sensation: they appeared to have found the cause for why organisms age. An international team of scientists, headed by the ...

Newly discovered bacterial defence mechanism in the lungs

4 hours ago

A new study from Karolinska Institutet presents a previously unknown immunological mechanism that protects us against bacterial infections in the lungs. The study is being published in the American Journal of Respiratory an ...

Neutralising antibodies for safer organ transplants

Oct 21, 2014

Serious complications can arise following kidney transplants. If dialysis is required within the first seven days, then the transplanted organ is said to have a Delayed Graft Function (DGF), and essentially ...

User comments