Obstetrics & Gynecology

Obstetrics and gynaecology (or obstetrics and gynecology; often abbreviated to OB/GYN, OBG, O or Obs & Gynae) are the two surgical–medical specialties dealing with the female reproductive organs in their pregnant and non-pregnant state, respectively, and as such are often combined to form a single medical specialty and postgraduate training programme. This combined training prepares the practising OB/GYN to be adept at the surgical management of the entire scope of clinical pathology involving female reproductive organs, and to provide care for both pregnant and non-pregnant patients. In veterinary medicine, theriogenology is more commonly used term that also includes andrology. The training for physicians in this field is quite long: in Australia, for example, the residency training period is among the longest at six years, matched only by neurosurgery and maxillofacial surgery. In the United States, four years in residency is required. In India, post graduate training in obstetrics and gynaecology is in the form of a two-year diploma course (DGO) or a three-year (MD or MS). Some OB/GYN surgeons elect to do further subspecialty training in programmes known as fellowships after

Publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins on behalf of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Country
United States
History
1953-present
Impact factor
4.357 (2009)

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Obstetrics & gynaecology

Study evaluates cervical cancer risks of IUDs

Patients who used copper intrauterine devices (Cu IUD) were found to have a lower risk of high-grade cervical neoplasms (cervical cancer) compared to users of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS), according ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

24-hour OBs, midwives lead to fewer C-sections

Privately insured pregnant women are less likely to have C-sections when their regular care includes midwives and 24-hour obstetrician coverage, according to a study by researchers at UC San Francisco and Marin General Hospital.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Coadministering tdap, flu vaccines safe in pregnancy

(HealthDay)—Coadministering tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) and influenza vaccines appears safe in pregnancy, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Minimally invasive hysterectomy may be underused

(HealthDay)—In 2012, minimally invasive hysterectomy was underused for gynecologic cancers, according to a study published online Oct. 7 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

ACOG: Encourage consideration of contraceptive implants/IUDs

(HealthDay)—All women at risk of unwanted pregnancy should be counseled on all contraceptive options, including long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), according to a Committee Opinion published in the October issue ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Tips offered for management of genetic conditions in pregnancy

(HealthDay)—Management of genetic conditions during pregnancy may require a multidisciplinary approach, according to a Committee Opinion from the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) published in the October ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Gaining weight in adulthood linked to lower fecundity

(HealthDay)—Body mass index (BMI) at age 18 years, weight change since age 18, and weight in adulthood correlate with fecundity, according to a study published online Sept. 8 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Tattoos can mimic metastasis on PET-CT in cervical cancer

(HealthDay)—For patients with cervical cancer, extensive tattoos could mimic metastasis on positron emission tomography (PET) fused with computed tomography (CT) imaging, according to a case report published online June ...

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