Obstetrics & Gynecology

Obstetrics and gynaecology (or obstetrics and gynecology; often abbreviated to OB/GYN, OBG, O or Obs & Gynae) are the two surgical–medical specialties dealing with the female reproductive organs in their pregnant and non-pregnant state, respectively, and as such are often combined to form a single medical specialty and postgraduate training programme. This combined training prepares the practising OB/GYN to be adept at the surgical management of the entire scope of clinical pathology involving female reproductive organs, and to provide care for both pregnant and non-pregnant patients. In veterinary medicine, theriogenology is more commonly used term that also includes andrology. The training for physicians in this field is quite long: in Australia, for example, the residency training period is among the longest at six years, matched only by neurosurgery and maxillofacial surgery. In the United States, four years in residency is required. In India, post graduate training in obstetrics and gynaecology is in the form of a two-year diploma course (DGO) or a three-year (MD or MS). Some OB/GYN surgeons elect to do further subspecialty training in programmes known as fellowships after

Publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins on behalf of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Country
United States
History
1953-present
Impact factor
4.357 (2009)

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Obstetrics & gynaecology

Menstrual hygiene needs unmet for low-income women

While access to menstrual hygiene products has been garnering attention in the developing world, low-income women and girls in major U.S. metropolitan areas also struggle to afford period supplies and often resort to making ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

ACOG updates guidelines for gestational HTN, preeclampsia

(HealthDay)—The American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists (ACOG) has updated its guidance on the management of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia as well as chronic hypertension in pregnant women; the two ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Guidelines developed for opioid use in vaginal birth

(HealthDay)—Guidelines have been developed for use of opioids for uncomplicated spontaneous vaginal birth; the draft consensus guidelines were published online Dec. 4 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

24-hour OBs, midwives lead to fewer C-sections

Privately insured pregnant women are less likely to have C-sections when their regular care includes midwives and 24-hour obstetrician coverage, according to a study by researchers at UC San Francisco and Marin General Hospital.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Coadministering tdap, flu vaccines safe in pregnancy

(HealthDay)—Coadministering tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) and influenza vaccines appears safe in pregnancy, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Minimally invasive hysterectomy may be underused

(HealthDay)—In 2012, minimally invasive hysterectomy was underused for gynecologic cancers, according to a study published online Oct. 7 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

ACOG: Encourage consideration of contraceptive implants/IUDs

(HealthDay)—All women at risk of unwanted pregnancy should be counseled on all contraceptive options, including long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), according to a Committee Opinion published in the October issue ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Tips offered for management of genetic conditions in pregnancy

(HealthDay)—Management of genetic conditions during pregnancy may require a multidisciplinary approach, according to a Committee Opinion from the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) published in the October ...

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