Obstetrics & Gynecology

Obstetrics and gynaecology (or obstetrics and gynecology; often abbreviated to OB/GYN, OBG, O or Obs & Gynae) are the two surgical–medical specialties dealing with the female reproductive organs in their pregnant and non-pregnant state, respectively, and as such are often combined to form a single medical specialty and postgraduate training programme. This combined training prepares the practising OB/GYN to be adept at the surgical management of the entire scope of clinical pathology involving female reproductive organs, and to provide care for both pregnant and non-pregnant patients. In veterinary medicine, theriogenology is more commonly used term that also includes andrology. The training for physicians in this field is quite long: in Australia, for example, the residency training period is among the longest at six years, matched only by neurosurgery and maxillofacial surgery. In the United States, four years in residency is required. In India, post graduate training in obstetrics and gynaecology is in the form of a two-year diploma course (DGO) or a three-year (MD or MS). Some OB/GYN surgeons elect to do further subspecialty training in programmes known as fellowships after

Publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins on behalf of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Country
United States
History
1953-present
Impact factor
4.357 (2009)

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Obstetrics & gynaecology

Pregnant smokers at higher risk for gestational diabetes

Smoking during pregnancy is one of the most significant risk factors for poor pregnancy outcomes. In the United States, 10.7 percent of all women smoke during their pregnancy or are exposed to secondhand smoke. Consequently, ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Infection likely cause of one in eight stillbirths

(HealthDay)—Most cases of infection-related stillbirth may be due to bacterial pathogens, according to a study published online Nov. 4 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Revision, removal risks low for synthetic midurethral slings

(HealthDay)—The long-term risk for women with stress urinary incontinence needing surgical revision or removal after initial placement of synthetic midurethral slings is low, according to a study published in the November ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

24-hour OBs, midwives lead to fewer C-sections

Privately insured pregnant women are less likely to have C-sections when their regular care includes midwives and 24-hour obstetrician coverage, according to a study by researchers at UC San Francisco and Marin General Hospital.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Ibuprofen does not increase postpartum blood pressure

(HealthDay)—Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, do not increase blood pressure among postpartum women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, according to a study published online Nov. 4 ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Coadministering tdap, flu vaccines safe in pregnancy

(HealthDay)—Coadministering tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) and influenza vaccines appears safe in pregnancy, according to a study published online Oct. 5 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Minimally invasive hysterectomy may be underused

(HealthDay)—In 2012, minimally invasive hysterectomy was underused for gynecologic cancers, according to a study published online Oct. 7 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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