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Neuroscience news

Neuroscience

Mouse study examines the underpinnings of hallucinations

Hallucinations result in dramatic disruptions in perception and cognition, but the changes in brain activity that underlie such alterations are not well understood. In a study publishing March 26 in the journal Cell Reports, ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Trained musicians perform better—at paying attention

Musical training produces lasting improvements to a cognitive mechanism that helps individuals be more attentive and less likely to be distracted by irrelevant stimuli while performing demanding tasks. According to a new ...

Neuroscience

Sound sense: Brain 'listens' for distinctive features in sounds

For humans to achieve accurate speech recognition and communicate with one another, the auditory system must recognize distinct categories of sounds—such as words—from a continuous incoming stream of sounds. This task ...

Neuroscience

Evidence found of neurogenesis in people up to age 87

A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in Spain has found evidence of neurogenesis in the brains of people right up to old age. In their paper published in the journal Nature Medicine, the group describes ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

The costs of mental effort

Every day, we are faced with countless decisions regarding cognitive control, or the process of inhibiting automatic or habitual responses in order to perform better at a task.

Neuroscience

How the brain 'mentalizes' cooperation

What parts of your brain are involved in gauging a friend's actions and adjusting your own; for example, when you both carry a couch up a flight of stairs? Researchers in Japan have found that part of the right side of the ...

Neuroscience

Motion recognition tech assists epilepsy diagnosis

Motion recognition technology is being used to help neurologists in the study of patients' behaviour during seizures, to provide clues on the sub-type of epilepsy the patient has and identify unusual seizure movements that ...

Neuroscience

Measurement of thoughts during knowledge acquisition

In a recent learning study, researchers were able to show that new conceptual information is stored along spatial dimensions in the form of a mental map located in the hippocampus. Together with colleagues from the Donders ...

Neuroscience

Brain stem cells age faster in multiple sclerosis patients

Brain stem cells in people with the most severe form of multiple sclerosis look much older than they really are, according to a study led by UConn Health and published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ...

Health

Can eating certain foods make you smarter?

Trying to keep up with what constitutes a "healthy" diet can be exhausting. With unending options at the supermarket, and diet advice coming from all directions, filling your shopping trolley with the right things can seem ...

Neuroscience

Primed for memory formation

A new study carried out in a collaboration between researchers from LMU and UC San Diego suggests that new sensory experiences are encoded in pre-existing patterns of neuronal activity, which are recalled, modulated and enhanced ...

Neuroscience

How the brain perceives time

What happens in the brain when listening to the rhythmic pace of a song, or when waiting for a traffic light to turn green? For the first time, an imaging study shows that a time map exists in a specific area of the human ...

Neuroscience

Exercise adds up to big brain boosts

Anyone who trains for a marathon knows that individual running workouts add up over time to yield a big improvement in physical fitness. So, it should not be surprising that the cognitive benefits from workouts also accumulate ...