Scoliosis surgery improves adolescents' quality of life

November 2, 2012
Scoliosis surgery improves adolescents' quality of life
Surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis significantly improves quality of life, according to research published online Oct. 22 in the Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques.

(HealthDay)—Surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) significantly improves quality of life (QOL), according to research published online Oct. 22 in the Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques.

Luciano Antonio Nassar Pellegrino, M.D., and Osmar Avanzi, M.D., Ph.D., of Santa Casa de São Paulo in Brazil, prospectively evaluated the QOL of 33 patients with AIS before and three, six, and 12 months after surgery using the Research Society-30 (SRS-30) and Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaires. Results were also evaluated according to Cobb angle, curve correction, or type of instrumentation used (hybrid or pedicle screws alone).

The researchers found that, overall, the greatest changes occurred in the self-image and satisfaction with management domains of the SRS-30 questionnaire. Although QOL scores showed that pain was worse and function was decreased at the three-month visit, by 12 months, both scores were significantly improved from baseline (preoperative). By six and 12 months, total scores on the SRS-30 survey were significantly improved, and significant improvements were also noted in general health, vitality, and social functioning using the SF-36 survey. The improvements were independent of curve magnitude, the percent curve correction, or type of instrumentation used in the surgical procedure.

"Surgical treatment of AIS, whether using hybrid instrumentation or pedicle screws alone, can not only provide adequate correction of spinal deformity but also lead to significant improvements in health-related , as shown by improvement in all SRS-30 and SF-36 domain scores," the authors write.

Explore further: Study supports costoplasty for rib hump deformity correction

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Study supports costoplasty for rib hump deformity correction

October 10, 2012
(HealthDay)—In the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, the addition of costoplasty to pedicle screws and vertebral derotation may significantly improve correction of the rib hump deformity compared with pedicle ...

Procedure aids severe, rigid scoliosis in low-weight adults

August 24, 2012
(HealthDay)—For patients with severe and rigid scoliosis and low body weight, a two-stage vertebral column resection (VCR) procedure with posterior pedicle screw instrumentation can achieve good correction of scoliosis, ...

Studies show siginificant benefits of yoga in 2 conditions

May 26, 2011
Individuals with rheumatoid arthritis who practice yoga showed statistically significant improvements in disease activity, according to a small study presented today at the EULAR 2011 Annual Congress.

Classification rule IDs four risk groups in scoliosis progression

July 9, 2012
(HealthDay) -- The risk of curvature progression in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) can be based on initial angle of curvature, age, menarcheal status, and height, according to a study published online ...

Surgery center influences outcomes in spinal surgery

October 26, 2012
(HealthDay)—Choice of surgery center affects patient outcomes following surgery for lumbar stenosis and degenerative spondylolisthesis, according to research published online Oct. 17 in Spine.

Long-term finasteride doesn't impair quality of life

September 13, 2012
(HealthDay)—Taking finasteride to prevent prostate cancer does not negatively affect the physical function, mental health, or vitality domains of health-related quality of life, according to a study published online Sept. ...

Recommended for you

Is a common shoulder surgery useless?

November 21, 2017
(HealthDay)—New research casts doubt on the true effectiveness of a common type of surgery used to ease shoulder pain.

Study shows electric bandages can fight biofilm infection, antimicrobial resistance

November 6, 2017
Researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center have shown - for the first time - that special bandages using weak electric fields to disrupt bacterial biofilm infection can prevent infections, combat antibiotic ...

Obesity increases incidence, severity, costs of knee dislocations

November 3, 2017
A new study of more than 19,000 knee dislocation cases in the U.S. between 2000 and 2012 provides a painful indication of how the nation's obesity epidemic is changing the risk, severity and cost of a traumatic injury.

Defining optimal opioid pain medication prescription length following surgery

September 27, 2017
A new study led by researchers at the Center for Surgery and Public Health at Brigham and Women's Hospital analyzed opioid prescription data from the Department of Defense Military Health System Data Repository, identifying ...

Is older blood OK to use in a transfusion?

September 27, 2017
(HealthDay)—Using older red blood cells to give transfusions to critically ill patients doesn't appear to affect their risk of dying, Australian researchers report.

One weight-loss surgery shows lasting results

September 21, 2017
(HealthDay)—Obesity surgery can have long-lasting effects on weight and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure, a new study finds.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.