ACC: Stressful events up incidence of acute MI

March 8, 2013
ACC: Stressful events up incidence of acute MI
Stressful events, including hurricanes, earthquakes, and financial crises, correlate with increased incidence of acute myocardial infarction, according to three studies to be presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology, held from March 9 to 11 in San Francisco.

(HealthDay)—Stressful events, including hurricanes, earthquakes, and financial crises, correlate with increased incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), according to three studies to be presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology, held from March 9 to 11 in San Francisco.

Anand Irimpen, M.D., from the Tulane University Heart and Vascular Institute in New Orleans, and colleagues compared the incidence of AMI two years before and six years after . The researchers found that the proportion of admissions for AMI was 2.4 percent in the post-Katrina period and 0.7 percent in the pre-Katrina period. The post-Katrina group had significantly higher prevalence of comorbidities; had more often been prescribed medications, including beta-blockers, aspirin, and ; and had lower adherence. They were also more likely to be unemployed, uninsured, and reside in New Orleans.

Masanobu Niiyama, M.D., from the Iwate Medical University in Japan, and colleagues examined the incidence and characteristics of patients with AMI and sudden death before and after the earthquake and tsunamis (March 11, 2011). The researchers found that, in the first week after the initial and second earthquake, there was an increase in the number of cases. Incidence was significantly increased for four weeks after the disaster (odds ratio, 1.73). In a third study, Emmanouil Makaris, M.D., from the General Hospital of Kalamata in Greece, and colleagues found that the incidence of AMI was higher during the financial crisis (January 2008 to December 2011) than in the pre-crisis period (January 2004 to December 2007), and was higher for women and for those older than 45 years.

"Unemployment is a stressful event and stress is connected with heart disease, but other issues also come with financial difficulties," Makaris said in a statement. "In these times a lot of people do not have money to buy medications or to go to their primary care doctor. There's a great increase in cardiovascular diseases across the country. The cost to the society is very high."

Explore further: Heart attack rates rise with plunging GDP in Greece's financial crisis

More information: More Information

Related Stories

Heart attack rates rise with plunging GDP in Greece's financial crisis

March 7, 2013
Heart attack rates have spiked in Greece since the start of the country's financial crisis, especially among women and residents older than 45, according to a study of patient records being presented at the American College ...

Higher heart attack rates continue six years after Katrina

March 7, 2013
New Orleans residents continue to face a three-fold increased risk of heart attack post-Katrina—a trend that has remained unchanged since the storm hit in 2005, according to research being presented at the American College ...

Study evaluates blood potassium levels after heart attack and risk of in-hospital mortality

January 10, 2012
Patients hospitalized after a heart attack who had blood potassium levels of between 3.5 and less than 4.5 mEq/L (milliEquivalents per liter) had a lower risk of death than patients with potassium levels that were higher ...

Angiotensin receptor blockers reduce no-reflow post-PCI

April 24, 2012
(HealthDay) -- For patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), pretreatment with angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) is linked with reduced incidence of the no-reflow phenomenon after percutaneous coronary intervention ...

Ten year decline in ischemic stroke after AMI

August 28, 2012
The analysis of data from two Swedish registries was presented by Dr Anders Ulvenstam, and suggests that the reduction is due to improvements in AMI care.

Increased heart attack risk associated with total hip, knee replacement surgeries

July 23, 2012
Total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) surgeries were associated with increased risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI, heart attack) in the first two weeks after the surgical procedures, according ...

Recommended for you

New molecule may hold the key to triggering the regeneration and repair of damaged heart cells

August 21, 2017
New research has discovered a potential means to trigger damaged heart cells to self-heal. The discovery could lead to groundbreaking forms of treatment for heart diseases. For the first time, researchers have identified ...

Researchers investigate the potential of spider silk protein for engineering artificial heart

August 18, 2017
Ever more people are suffering from cardiac insufficiency, despite significant advances in preventing and minimising damage to the heart. The main cause of reduced cardiac functionality lies in the irreversible loss of cardiac ...

Lasers used to detect risk of heart attack and stroke

August 18, 2017
Patients at risk of heart attacks and strokes may be spotted earlier thanks to a diagnosis tool that uses near-infrared light to identify high-risk arterial plaques, according to research carried out at WMG, University of ...

Cholesterol crystals are sure sign a heart attack may loom

August 17, 2017
A new Michigan State University study on 240 emergency room patients shows just how much of a role a person's cholesterol plays, when in a crystallized state, during a heart attack.

How Gata4 helps mend a broken heart

August 15, 2017
During a heart attack, blood stops flowing into the heart; starved for oxygen, part of the heart muscle dies. The heart muscle does not regenerate; instead it replaces dead tissue with scars made of cells called fibroblasts ...

Injectable tissue patch could help repair damaged organs

August 14, 2017
A team of U of T Engineering researchers is mending broken hearts with an expanding tissue bandage a little smaller than a postage stamp.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.