Mediterranean diet adherence cuts cognitive impairment

April 29, 2013
Mediterranean diet adherence cuts cognitive impairment
Greater adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with a lower likelihood of incident cognitive impairment, especially among those without diabetes, according to a study published in the April 30 issue of Neurology.

(HealthDay)—Greater adherence to a Mediterranean diet (MeD) is associated with a lower likelihood of incident cognitive impairment (ICI), especially among those without diabetes, according to a study published in the April 30 issue of Neurology.

Georgios Tsivgoulis, M.D., from the University of Athens in Greece, and colleagues examined the correlation between adherence to MeD and the likelihood of ICI. Data were collected from 17,478 individuals enrolled in the Reasons for Geographic and in Stroke study 2003 to 2007.

During a mean follow-up of 4.0 years, the researchers identified ICI in 7 percent of the participants. Before and after adjustment for potential cofounders, including demographics, environmental factors, depressive symptoms, and self-reported health, higher adherence to MeD correlated with a lower likelihood of ICI (odds ratio, 0.89 and 0.87, respectively). The association between adherence to MeD and ICI was not affected by race but was affected by diabetes mellitus; high adherence to MeD correlated with significantly lower odds of ICI in individuals without diabetes (odds ratio, 0.81) but not in individuals with diabetes.

"Higher adherence to MeD was associated with a lower likelihood of ICI independent of potential confounders," the authors write. "This association was moderated by [the] presence of ."

Explore further: Meds adherence self-report valid in type 2 diabetes

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Meds adherence self-report valid in type 2 diabetes

December 20, 2012
(HealthDay)—Self-reported measures of medication adherence in adults with type 2 diabetes are valid, although some self-reports are moderated by depression, according to a study published online Nov. 30 in Diabetes Care.

Diverse forms of distress have distinct impact in diabetes

October 10, 2012
(HealthDay)—In primary care patients with type 2 diabetes, depressive symptoms (DS) are predictive of future lifestyle-oriented self-management behaviors, while diabetes-related distress (DRD) predicts glycemic control, ...

Timing, duration of obesity impact adult diabetes risk

April 5, 2013
(HealthDay)—The likelihood of diabetes in young adulthood is increased for those who are obese as adolescents and those with persistent obesity, compared to those with adult-onset obesity, according to a study published ...

More evidence suggests eating omega 3s and avoiding meat, dairy linked to preserving memory

April 29, 2013
The largest study to date finds that eating foods that contain omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish, chicken and salad dressing and avoiding saturated fats, meat and dairy foods may be linked to preserving memory and thinking ...

Recommended for you

Scientists block evolution's molecular nerve pruning in rodents

July 27, 2017
Researchers investigating why some people suffer from motor disabilities report they may have dialed back evolution's clock a few ticks by blocking molecular pruning of sophisticated brain-to-limb nerve connections in maturing ...

In witnessing the brain's 'aha!' moment, scientists shed light on biology of consciousness

July 27, 2017
Columbia scientists have identified the brain's 'aha!' moment—that flash in time when you suddenly become aware of information, such as knowing the answer to a difficult question. Today's findings in humans, combined with ...

Social influences can override aggression in male mice, study shows

July 27, 2017
Stanford University School of Medicine investigators have identified a cluster of nerve cells in the male mouse's brain that, when activated, triggers territorial rage in a variety of situations. Activating the same cluster ...

Scientists become research subjects in after-hours brain-scanning project

July 27, 2017
A quest to analyze the unique features of individual human brains evolved into the so-called Midnight Scan Club, a group of scientists who had big ideas but almost no funding and little time to research the trillions of neural ...

Researchers reveal unusual chemistry of protein with role in neurodegenerative disorders

July 27, 2017
A common feature of neurodegenerative diseases is the formation of permanent tangles of insoluble proteins in cells. The beta-amyloid plaques found in people with Alzheimer's disease and the inclusion bodies in motor neurons ...

Mother's brain reward response to offspring reduced by substance addiction

July 27, 2017
Maternal addiction and its effects on children is a major public health problem, often leading to high rates of child abuse, neglect and foster care placement. In a study published today in the journal Human Brain Mapping, ...

1 comment

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

VOR
not rated yet Apr 30, 2013
I guess we can find out what Mediterranean diet means, but it would be much more informative to have described the non-ethnic specific food aspects and proportions instead of a generality.

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.