Study finds tailored diabetes education programs can benefit African, Latin American women who are higher risk

April 26, 2013, Ryerson University
Study finds tailored diabetes education programs can benefit African, Latin American women who are higher risk
Certain ethnic groups, especially immigrant women, who are at higher risk of developing diabetes can benefit from diabetes self-management education programs that include components such as more frequent sessions and meetings with dietitians, finds a new study led by Ryerson nutrition professor Enza Gucciardi, a diabetes education expert.

A new study led by Ryerson University provides guidelines on how best to deliver diabetes self-management education programs to women in Black/Caribbean and Latin American communities – gender and ethnic groups where diabetes is more prevalent.

"Studies have shown that diabetes education programs are effective in teaching people with to manage their condition. What isn't known are which approaches work best with certain ethnic groups that are at higher risk," says Enza Gucciardi, a nutrition professor at Ryerson University and a leading expert in diabetes education. She is the lead author of the study published online in this month's issue of the journal Patient Education and Counseling.

The statistics speak for themselves. Studies show that while 10 per cent of North Americans have diabetes, it is more prevalent among the Black African, Caribbean and Latin American ethnic communities. In Ontario, the Black population has higher rates of diabetes (11.6 per cent) than their Caucasian counterparts (7.3 per cent). Recent immigrants from and the Caribbean have the second highest prevalence rates of diabetes (9.8 per cent) compared to long-term Ontario residents and recent immigrants from Western Europe and North America (5.2 per cent). In addition, Latin Americans and African Americans tend to have more complications arising from diabetes such as cardiovascular disease, severe damage to the () and end-stage .

Although certain are more vulnerable to developing diabetes and related complications, this risk seems to be higher in women than men. African/Caribbean and Latin American in Ontario have higher rates of diabetes compared to men from the same country.

Despite the greater facing women with diabetes from these ethnic communities, there has been little research conducted to determine the most effective strategies they can use to manage their illness, says the nutrition professor.

Gucciardi and her co-authors found five diabetes program features had the broadest positive effects:

1. hospital-based interventions where diabetes education programs were administered;
2. group interventions;
3. use of problem solving techniques;
4. frequent sessions; and
5. incorporating dietitians in self-management programs.

The researchers noted that most of these strategies were also recommended by national diabetes associations for the general diabetes population, especially group programming and nutrition counseling led by a dietitian, which demonstrates that they are beneficial to anyone managing their diabetes, not just the two ethnic groups they were studying.

"Based on our findings, health-care providers who work with women with Type 2 diabetes in the African/Caribbean and Latin American community should incorporate these features when creating diabetes self-management programs," says Gucciardi. "But at the same time, they need to tailor it to each individual's goals and preferences on what they want to achieve and how it can be delivered to be effective."

Explore further: Diabetes care for African-Americans can be improved

Related Stories

Diabetes care for African-Americans can be improved

April 1, 2013
(HealthDay)—For African-Americans with type 2 diabetes, health care-promoted interventions targeting patients, the health care system, or both, can improve the quality of care, according to a review and meta-analysis published ...

Some groups have trouble controlling diabetes

January 17, 2012
Among individuals in the U.S. with diabetes, non-Latino whites tend to better control the cardiovascular risk factors blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol, while African-Americans, Mexican-Americans, and those with ...

African-American women with gestational diabetes face high long-term diabetes risk

October 20, 2011
African American women who develop gestational diabetes mellitus during pregnancy face a 52 percent increased risk of developing diabetes in the future compared to white women who develop GDM during pregnancy, according to ...

Study reveals extent of type 2 diabetes problem in black and minority ethnic populations

September 10, 2012
Half of all people of South Asian, African and African Caribbean descent will develop diabetes by age 80 according to a new study published today. The study is the first to reveal the full extent of ethnic differences in ...

Recommended for you

Can't exercise? A hot bath may help improve inflammation, metabolism, study suggests

November 14, 2018
Hot water treatment may help improve inflammation and blood sugar (glucose) levels in people who are unable to exercise, according to a new study. The findings are published ahead of print in the Journal of Applied Physiology.

Diabetic foot ulcers heal quickly with nitric oxide technology

November 12, 2018
Diabetic foot ulcers can take up to 150 days to heal. A biomedical engineering team wants to reduce it to 21 days.

Diabetes drug might also ease heart failure risks

November 12, 2018
(HealthDay)—The diabetes drug Farxiga might do double-duty for patients, helping to ward off another killer, heart failure, new research shows.

Marijuana use tied to serious diabetes complication

November 8, 2018
(HealthDay)—People with type 1 diabetes who use marijuana may double their risk of developing a life-threatening complication, a new study suggests.

Researchers report connection between intestinal bacteria and development of diabetes

November 7, 2018
Researchers at Örebro University have, together with a well-known research team in Denmark, developed a method for studying how metabolism in gut bacteria influences health. Their method will now be published in its entirety ...

Genetic factors tied to obesity may protect against diabetes

November 2, 2018
Some genetic variations linked with obesity actually protect against Type 2 diabetes, heart attack and stroke, new findings suggest.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.