Genotype influences muscle performance

Elite endurance athletes commonly have mutations that result in the loss of the protein α-actinin-3, which is a major component of fast-twitch muscle fibers. Loss of α-actinin-3 is associated with reduced power, increased endurance capacity, and enhanced response to endurance training.

In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Kathryn North and colleagues at the Murdoch Children's Research Institute report that the loss of ?-actinin-3 in fast-twitch muscle fibers, results in compensation by ?-actinin-2. The presence of ?-actinin-2 in fast-twitch muscle contributed to reprogramming these muscles through increased calcineurin signaling.

This study provides insight into how mutations in the gene encoding ?-actinin-3 promote skeletal muscle adaptations that are advantageous to elite endurance athletes


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More information: ACTN3 genotype influences muscle performance through the regulation of calcineurin signaling, J Clin Invest. DOI: 10.1172/JCI67691
Citation: Genotype influences muscle performance (2013, September 16) retrieved 15 June 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2013-09-genotype-muscle.html
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