Should there be age restrictions on tanning beds?

December 29, 2015 by From Mayo Clinic News Network, Mayo Clinic News Network

Earlier this month, the Food and Drug Administration proposed steps to prevent the use of indoor tanning beds. They want to restrict usage to people 18 years of age and older, and they want tanning bed manufacturers and facilities to ramp up safety measures. The FDA reports that their goal is to protect young people from skin cancer, as well as other dangers such as eye damage.

Mayo Clinic dermatologist Dr. Jerry Brewer says legislature to decrease bed use would be a good thing.

"Tanning is never a good idea, and more people develop skin cancer because of tanning than those who develop because of smoking," he said. "In fact, some sources feel that just one session in a tanning bed can increase the chances of developing melanoma by 20 percent."

Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer, and Brewer says, "in melanoma cases occurring in between 18 and 29 years old, 76 percent can be attributed to tanning beds." According to the FDA, 1.6 million minors use tanning beds, and the negative effects can add up over time.

In addition to proposing age limits on indoor tanning use, the FDA also wants to make them safer for adults who choose to use them. Those include:

- The requirement that adults sign a document acknowledging they know the risks

- Easier to see warning labels

- An obvious stop or "panic button"

- Improved eye protection

Dr. Brewer says the best way to prevent skin cancer is to avoid indoor and exposure to sunlight.

- Use sunscreen daily with SPF of 15 or greater

- Supplement sun screens with hats, sun glasses and sun wear

- Reapply sun screen if you're out in the sun for long periods of time

"If one does develop skin cancer, the best thing to do is to catch it as early as possible. So doing skin self-exams on a monthly basis at home and seeing a dermatologist for a yearly checkup can increase the chances of catching early and surviving it."

Explore further: FDA proposes ban on indoor tanning for minors

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