Over 20 countries environmentally suitable for Ebola transmission by bats

Over 20 countries environmentally suitable for Ebola transmission by bats
Updates to the zoonotic niche map of Ebola virus disease in Africa by David Pigott et al. are published in eLife Credit: IHME

Though the West African Ebola outbreak that began in 2013 is now under control, 23 countries remain environmentally suitable for animal-to-human transmission of the Ebola virus. Only seven of these countries have experienced cases of Ebola, leaving the remaining 16 countries potentially unaware of regions of suitability, and therefore underprepared for future outbreaks.

These findings come from a new study published today in the journal eLife titled "Updates to the zoonotic niche map of Ebola disease." The paper was led by researchers from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington in Seattle.

Only a handful of countries saw cases of Ebola before 2013, until Guinea unexpectedly reported an outbreak that led to more than 28,000 cases and 11,000 deaths across West Africa. The current eLife study provides an update on a study published in 2014 that created a zoonotic niche map used to define areas of environmental suitability for Ebola in response to the outbreak. This map identified regions where the virus could be transmitted from animals to humans. The updated map published today incorporates more species of bats likely capable of transmitting Ebola, as well as new reports of the virus.

Alongside the current study and update, IHME launched a new, online data , available to stakeholders and the public.

"The visualization provides an important way for various end users to engage and interrogate these updated maps," explains the paper's lead author Dr. David Pigott, an Assistant Professor at IHME. "Unlike with the previous publication, anyone can now directly interact with the maps, use the tool, and better assess the potential threat that Ebola virus disease poses to their regions of interest."

The tool allows users to view previous Ebola index cases, as well as explore the areas where bat species thought to be capable of transmitting the virus are predicted to live. The maps are displayed in a 5-by-5 km grid across Africa, allowing users to zoom into their countries to see areas of interest. This type of geospatial mapping tool is the first of its kind from IHME.

In where an Ebola outbreak is possible, the update and new are powerful tools that allow decision-makers to set policies to prepare for potential outbreaks in the future.


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More information: David M Pigott et al, Updates to the zoonotic niche map of Ebola virus disease in Africa, eLife (2016). DOI: 10.7554/eLife.16412

vizhub.healthdata.org/ebola/

Journal information: eLife

Citation: Over 20 countries environmentally suitable for Ebola transmission by bats (2016, July 14) retrieved 18 June 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-07-countries-environmentally-suitable-ebola-transmission.html
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Jul 15, 2016
In the heart of Freetown-Sierra Leone, the country hardest hit by Ebola, there stands this majestic old cotton tree. The tree as well as smaller trees next are hanging full with thousands of bats. All potential Ebola vectors. And what are all NGOs and Health Authorities do? NOTHING. They are not getting paid for bats but for keeping Ebola alive as long as possible to secure personal gains like huge allowances, big salaries, first class flights and luxury hotels. The longer Ebola is around the more they make.

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