Habit change is key to success for weight loss

September 28, 2018, McGill University
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Can experts in behaviour change help boost weight loss for overweight people? McGill University researchers think so: they report significant results—up to 10% of body-mass loss with this approach.

Bärbel Knäuper, Steven Grover and their team worked with nearly 200 overweight participants (both men and women) using cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in a year-long program to achieve greater in a group setting. Their results suggest that skills of the coaches (clinical psychology doctoral students) who delivered the program were a key factor in the treatment outcome—as was the regular tracking of eating and physical activity on online platforms like MyFitnessPal or myhealthcheckup.

Group-based weight programs normally lead to only around 3-5% weight loss. The researchers sought ways to improve the efficacy of these programs through a stronger focus on habit change.

The researchers found that:

  • Behavioural weight loss programs should be administered by experts in behaviour change.
  • A significant amount of weight loss was achieved in a group-based program—10% (roughly translating into 10kg per person) in 12 months on average. Most participants maintained this weight loss one year after program end.
  • One group that did not benefit as much from the program are individuals who overeat in response to negative emotions (emotional eaters).

The findings, published in the journal Obesity, "show that a great amount of weight loss can be achieved in a group setting using CBT," says Prof. Knäuper, Health Psychology Lab in the Department of Psychology. "We are currently examining what factors contributed to the excellent weight loss results and we're continuing our investigation into how integrating CBT optimizes -loss as well as developing programs that are better suited for emotional eaters."

Explore further: Mindfulness training shows promise for maintaining weight loss

More information: Bärbel Knäuper et al. The Effects of If-Then Plans on Weight Loss: Results of the McGill CHIP Healthy Weight Program Randomized Controlled Trial, Obesity (2018). DOI: 10.1002/oby.22226

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2 comments

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NoStrings
not rated yet Sep 28, 2018
Who would have thought that developing and maintaining a habit of not overeating may lead to weight loss? What a joke.

The real question is - can you force people to maintain the habit when left on their own after this study is published. There are numerous studies saying: NO!
Macrocompassion
not rated yet Oct 01, 2018
weight loss is simply discipline to eat less and to accept hunger before a meal time as being normal.

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