Study reveals high rate of phlebitis caused by IV cannulas

Study reveals high rate of phlebitis caused by IV cannulas
(HealthDay)—The incidence of phlebitis caused by peripheral intravenous cannula insertions may be higher among patients with certain risk factors, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

Dragana Simin, Ph.D., R.N., from the University of Novi Sad in Serbia, and colleagues evaluated complications among 368 undergoing 1,428 peripheral intravenous cannula insertions in inpatient tertiary health care clinics.

The researchers found that phlebitis was the most common complication (44 percent), followed by (16.3 percent), occlusion (7.6 percent), and catheter dislodgement (5.6 percent). Risk for phlebitis was higher with comorbidity, current infection, catheter size, time in situ, and the number of administrations of infusion solutions. Medium-stage phlebitis was the most commonly seen severity. Infiltration risk increased with a 20-gauge catheter, two or more attempts at cannulation, and administration of a high-risk solution during the first day. Grade 2 was the most common severity for infiltration.

"The incidence of infiltration, occlusion, and dislodgment is almost congruent with the average incidence of previous studies," the authors write. "However, the and degree of severity associated with the occurrence of phlebitis were significantly higher."


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Journal information: Journal of Clinical Nursing

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Citation: Study reveals high rate of phlebitis caused by IV cannulas (2019, January 3) retrieved 24 June 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-01-reveals-high-phlebitis-iv-cannulas.html
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