Autism gene linked to brain and behavior deficits in mice

Autism gene linked to brain and behavior deficits in mice
Shank3 mutants exhibit prefrontal mis-wiring and gray matter defects. Credit: Pagani et al., JNeurosci (2019)

Mice lacking the gene Shank3 display structural and functional deficits in the prefrontal cortex, finds a study published in JNeurosci. The research advances our understanding of one of the most common genetic risk factors for autism spectrum disorders.

Shank3 mutations are commonly observed in humans with autism and related developmental disorders. Previous animal research documents associations between Shank3 and basal ganglia dysfunction, which may contribute to repetitive behaviors characteristic of autism. In humans, Shank3 mutations have also been linked to intellectual and .

Using magnetic resonance imaging in adult male mice, Marco Pagani, Alessandro Gozzi and colleagues demonstrate reduced connectivity and gray matter volume in Shank3-deficient animals.

The researchers report these brain differences are tightly linked to impaired social interaction with female mice.

These findings establish a role of Shank3 in maintaining prefrontal cortex connectivity, which may increase autism risk when disrupted.


Explore further

Scientists make autism advance using monkey model

More information: Deletion of Autism Risk Gene Shank3 Disrupts Prefrontal Connectivity, JNeurosci (2019). DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2529-18.2019
Journal information: Journal of Neuroscience

Citation: Autism gene linked to brain and behavior deficits in mice (2019, May 6) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-05-autism-gene-linked-brain-behavior.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
1 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more