Physician advocates screening teen emergency room patients for sexually transmitted infections

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A University of Cincinnati researcher is recommending pediatric hospital emergency rooms consider screening for sexually transmitted infections (STI) teenage and young adult patients who visit for other acute care issues.

Mark Eckman, MD, professor and director of the UC Division of General Internal Medicine, conducted a computer analysis that simulated outcomes for screening pediatric emergency room patients ages 15-21 for sexually transmitted infections. It will add costs to hospital budgets but Eckman says it also helps combat future health complications of STIs for .

Using a hypothetical population that included 10,000 emergency room visits Eckman looked at a 3.6% prevalence of chlamydia and gonorrhea—the same amount generally found in the nation's young adult population—and the impact of targeted screening, universal screening and no screening. Under the scenario 360 STI cases would be present.

Targeted screening resulted in the detection and successful treatment of 95 of 360 STI cases (26.4%) at a cost of $313,063 and universally offered screening identified and treated 112 of 360 STI cases at a cost of $515,503. If no were done, 76 of 360 cases (21.1%) would be found at a cost of $190,409.

The study's results in its entirety were recently published in the Journal of American Medical Association Pediatrics.

"Untreated chlamydia or gonorrhea can in women lead to and ectopic pregnancies because of scarring in the , while men can face epididymitis," says Eckman, also a UC Health physician. "Women and men could face infertility if these sexually transmitted infections are not treated."

Nationally, adolescents and represent 25% of the sexually active population, but comprise 50% of all diagnosed sexually transmitted cases. Of the 20 million new cases of sexually transmitted infections each year 10 million occur among adolescents and young adults.


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Low screening rates for adolescents diagnosed with PID in the nation's emergency departments

More information: Mark H. Eckman et al, Cost-effectiveness of Sexually Transmitted Infection Screening for Adolescents and Young Adults in the Pediatric Emergency Department, JAMA Pediatrics (2020). DOI: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.3571
Journal information: JAMA Pediatrics

Citation: Physician advocates screening teen emergency room patients for sexually transmitted infections (2020, November 4) retrieved 19 January 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-11-physician-advocates-screening-teen-emergency.html
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