Brain regions involved in vision also encode how to hold tools

Brain regions involved in vision also encode how to hold tools
Visual human brain areas preferentially activated for seeing images of hands and tools are depicted with squares. Credit: Neurolab, University of East Anglia

Visual brain areas involved in processing hands also encode information about the correct way to hold tools, according to new research published in JNeurosci.

Each part of the brain's activates in response to a certain type of item—whether it's faces, tools, objects, or hands. Scientists assumed the brain segregates visual information in this way to optimize motor actions with tools. Yet most studies investigating the brain mechanisms for tool grasping used images of tools or hands, and no actual hand movements were performed.

Knights et al. used fMRI to measure the brain activity of participants as they grasped 3D-printed kitchen tools (spoon, knife, and pizza cutter) and similar-sized non-tools. Based on activity patterns in hand-sensitive visual areas, the research team was able to determine when a participant gripped a tool correctly or incorrectly. The same ability did not extend to activity from grasping non-tools, or in tool-sensitive visual areas. This indicates involved in processing about hands also encode the proper way to hold tools.

These results challenge current understanding of how the brain controls hand movement and could be useful in efforts to improve brain-machine interfaces for prosthetics.


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More information: Hand-Selective Visual Regions Represent How To Grasp 3D Tools: Brain Decoding During Real Actions, JNeurosci (2021). DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0083-21.2021
Journal information: Journal of Neuroscience

Citation: Brain regions involved in vision also encode how to hold tools (2021, May 10) retrieved 16 June 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-05-brain-regions-involved-vision-encode.html
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