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Scientists find a stem-cell derived mechanism that could lead to regenerative therapies for heart damage

heart
3D Model of the heart by Dr. Matthew Bramlet. Credit: NIH

A UCLA-led team has identified an essential internal control mechanism that can promote the maturation of human stem cell-derived heart muscle cells, offering a deeper understanding of how heart muscle cells develop from their immature fetal stage to their mature adult form.

The findings, published in the journal Circulation, could lead to new therapies for and cardiac damage.

The with Duke-NUS Medical School in Singapore and other institutions identified an RNA splicing regulator named RBFox1, which was considerably more prevalent in adult cells than in newborns, based on a preclinical model. The sharp rise in RBFox1 during the maturation of heart cells was also confirmed through analyses of existing single-cell data.

"This is the first piece of evidence suggesting that RNA splicing control plays a vital role in postnatal heart cell maturation," said study lead Jijun Huang, who conducted this research during his postdoctoral training in anesthesiology at UCLA.

"While RBFox1 alone may not be sufficient to push mature fetal heart muscle cells all the way to fully matured adult cells, our findings uncover a new RNA-based internal network that can substantially drive this maturation process beyond other available approaches."

The transformation of from birth until they reach full maturity involves significant shifts in their structure, functionality, and physiological properties. The mechanisms overseeing this comprehensive maturation have been poorly understood thus far.

Although the precise mechanics associating RBFox1-mediated RNA splicing with ensuing maturation procedures and characteristics still require further exploration, the study provides proof-of-concept that modulating RNA splicing can profoundly affect cardiomyocyte maturation. This newfound knowledge hints at future therapeutic applications, pending additional research to expand upon these initial findings.

"For the first time, we've shown that by merely altering RNA splicing, we can encourage the significant maturation of heart cells derived from human stem ," said senior author Yibin Wang, director of the Cardiovascular & Metabolic Disorders Program at Duke-NUS.

"These findings present a potential molecular approach to enhance heart cell maturation, which could address a major challenge in the domains of cardiac regenerative therapy and disease modeling."

More information: Jijun Huang et al, Regulation of Postnatal Cardiomyocyte Maturation by an RNA Splicing Regulator RBFox1, Circulation (2023). DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.122.061602

Journal information: Circulation
Citation: Scientists find a stem-cell derived mechanism that could lead to regenerative therapies for heart damage (2023, October 18) retrieved 27 February 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2023-10-scientists-stem-cell-derived-mechanism-regenerative.html
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