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Call for sleep health to be put on global public health agendas

Call for sleep health to be put on global public health agendas
Paucity of sleep duration data across the globe. We did a literature search to determine which countries have data on sleep duration. Out of 194 WHO state members, 43 (22%) had general (blue) population data on sleep duration, 69 (36%) had sleep duration data in at least one specific (green) population (e.g., lorry drivers or athletes), and the remaining 82 (42%) had no (red) sleep duration data. The disconcerting absence of general population sleep data in 78% of countries suggests that developing countries are unlikely to have sleep health on their national health agenda, despite being disproportionately affected by adverse environmental and social determinants of sleep health. Credit: The Lancet Public Health (2023). DOI: 10.1016/S2468-2667(23)00182-2

Scientists from around the world have issued an urgent call to action for governments to incorporate sleep health into public health policies, with research indicating it's as important as nutrition and physical activity.

"Sleep health influences every facet of human function and is essential to our heart, immune, brain, and ," Professor Peter Eastwood, co-senior author on a paper published in The Lancet Public Health and Deputy Vice Chancellor Research and Innovation at Murdoch University, said.

"However, across the globe, and particularly in developing countries, national public health agendas rarely consider sleep. It's vital that changes."

Research shows that getting less than seven hours sleep each day overlaps with poor general health, poor mental health, poor brain health, including increased stroke, obesity, and high blood pressure.

"Inadequate sleep also has huge economic costs related to its impact on health, well-being, safety and productivity," Eastwood said.

A recent analysis of the costs of inadequate sleep in Australia estimated a total financial cost of $28 billion per annum.

"As with so many health and , poor sleep health disproportionately affects socioeconomically disadvantaged groups."

"So, it's imperative that we address equity in sleep health across countries, groups, and individuals with lower socioeconomic status, minority racial and ethnic groups, and sexual minorities."

"Sleep should be promoted as an essential pillar of health, equivalent to nutrition and , to lift health across the ."

Authored by an international group of experts on behalf of World Sleep Society's "Global Sleep Health Task Force" the opinion essay, recommended three concrete actions for governments, researchers and other stakeholders:

  • Educate: promote sleep and circadian health education and awareness
  • Research: collect and centralize standard sleep and circadian data in every country
  • Public Policy: include sleep health initiatives to advance public health agendas

"Despite major advances in our understanding of sleep, the importance of is still under-recognized by most national public health agendas and around the world," Eastwood said. "We know that sleep is critical to numerous biological functions that optimize adaptation and function throughout the body, from genes to behavior, so we need to treat it that way."

Efforts are needed to ensure equity and inclusivity for all people, particularly those who are most socially and economically vulnerable, and historically excluded.

"The health benefits of good sleep and the adverse consequences of sleep deficiency are abundantly clear," Eastwood said. "Although more global data will refine our , we know enough to act now, leveraging better global sleep to achieve better global health, especially among disadvantaged groups."

More information: Diane C Lim et al, The need to promote sleep health in public health agendas across the globe, The Lancet Public Health (2023). DOI: 10.1016/S2468-2667(23)00182-2

Journal information: The Lancet Public Health
Provided by Murdoch University
Citation: Call for sleep health to be put on global public health agendas (2023, November 29) retrieved 15 April 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2023-11-health-global-agendas.html
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