This article has been reviewed according to Science X's editorial process and policies. Editors have highlighted the following attributes while ensuring the content's credibility:

fact-checked

trusted source

proofread

Why do we cradle babies in one specific arm?

holding a baby
Credit: nappy from Pexels

You probably haven't ever given it much thought, but almost everyone cradles a baby in one specific arm. The vast majority of people always cradle a baby in the crook of their left arm.

Why is that?

"Researchers have been trying to explain this ," says Audrey van der Meer, a professor of neuropsychology at NTNU's Department of Psychology.

It is undoubtedly a phenomenon and several studies confirm it; the vast majority of people prefer to a baby in the crook of their left arm. Artists have also noticed this.

"The Virgin Mary is usually depicted cradling baby Jesus in the crook of her left arm," says Professor van der Meer.

The professor has previously studied the phenomenon and has now investigated it in more detail in a review article published in Infancy that includes the latest empirical data and meta-analyses in the field.

Heartbeat or hearing?

One is that most people cradle a baby to the left so that it can hear their heartbeat better. In almost all people, the heart is located on the left. Can the sound of a beating heart soothe a baby or connect it more closely to an adult?

Or maybe it has something to do with our hearing? Humans often perceive information in the form of sound faster with their left ear than their right. The theory is that most people cradle a baby to the left because we then use our left ear and eye to get information about the baby's emotional state. Signals from the left are sent to the right hemisphere of the brain, which is specialized for interpreting emotions and faces.

However, perhaps the most intuitive explanation is also the most correct.

Associated with the dominant arm

A few years ago, van der Meer published an together with doctor ├ůsmund Husby. This theory holds that the phenomenon is closely related to the arm we use the most.

"Interestingly, this has not been regarded as an adequate explanation, even though it intuitively seems logical," says Professor van der Meer.

New findings have strengthened this theory.

"Nine out of 10 people in the world are right-handed. We still believe that this is the best explanation why the vast majority of people cradle babies in the crook of their left, non-dominant arm," says van der Meer.

We are usually doing something else while holding a baby, not just posing for a picture or showing it off. So, we basically do what is most convenient.

We want our 'best arm' free to do other things

Most of us cradle a baby to the left in order to have our free. Generally speaking, it is most natural for left-handed people to cradle a baby in the crook of their right arm.

"It is perhaps interesting to mention that there are many pictures of William, the Prince of Wales, cradling a baby in the crook of his right arm. He is left-handed," says Professor van der Meer.

However, right-handed Kate, the Princess of Wales, cradles babies in her left arm, like most of us.

This does not mean that van der Meer uses royal preferences as proof of the phenomenon. Instead, she has taken other theories into account and focused on the , and her conclusion is clear.

"The explanation that we cradle babies in the arm we use the least is also true if other factors are taken into account," says van der Meer.

However, the phenomenon applies only to babies. As children get bigger and heavier, most people tend to carry them using their dominant and stronger arm.

More information: Audrey L. H. van der Meer, Handedness as a major determinant of lateral bias in human functional cradling, Infancy (2023). DOI: 10.1111/infa.12572

Citation: Why do we cradle babies in one specific arm? (2024, January 9) retrieved 19 May 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-01-cradle-babies-specific-arm.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

New study finds preference for children to cradle dolls on left is indicator of social cognitive abilities

0 shares

Feedback to editors