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Survey finds young adults more likely to believe myths about sun protection and skin cancer prevention

Survey finds young adults more likely to believe myths about sun protection and skin cancer prevention
Rajesh Nair, MD, performs a routine skin cancer screening on a patient at the Orlando Health Cancer Institute. Nair says he's seen an increase in skin cancer cases among young adults and that sun protection is critical to prevention. Credit: Orlando Health Cancer Institute

A new national survey by the Orlando Health Cancer Institute finds nearly a third (32%) of Americans agree that a tan makes people look better and healthier, a dangerous beauty standard that experts say can lead to risky behavior when it comes to sun exposure.

"There is no such thing as a healthy tan, as it's really just a visual manifestation of damage to the skin," said Rajesh Nair, MD, an oncology surgeon at the Orlando Health Cancer Institute. "But we're fighting against a perceived positive image and of something that actually has a totally opposite reality, which is that suntanned skin represents an increased risk of a deadly disease."

The survey, conducted by Ipsos, also found that are likely to believe myths and misinformation on that may lead them away from proven methods of skin cancer prevention. About one in seven (14%) adults under 35 think daily sunscreen use is more harmful to the skin than direct sun exposure and nearly a quarter (23%) believe drinking water and staying hydrated prevents a sunburn.

"There is no suggesting that drinking water provides any protection from the sun," Nair said. "As for sunscreens, the protective benefits far outweigh any known risks, but if you're concerned about chemicals or ingredients in a sunscreen, mineral sunscreens like that offer a to the sun are proven to be safe, as well as clothing with SPF protection."

Survey finds young adults more likely to believe myths about sun protection and skin cancer prevention
Brianna Starr (left) wears sunscreen every day to minimize the effects of the sun's harmful UV rays. It's something she hopes more young adults will take seriously early in life, but a new survey by the Orlando Health Cancer Institute finds those under 35 are much more likely than others to believe skin protection myths that can put them at risk. Credit: Orlando Health Cancer Institute

Nair says, with so many sources of information—and misinformation—these days, it's difficult to decipher good advice from the bad.

"We have really hectic and busy lives, and we're trying to find information to guide us on healthy choices and decision-making to the best of our ability. But the overwhelming number of people and organizations claiming to have the right answers makes it really hard to know what to believe," Nair said. "Our fear is that people buy into a lot of really dangerous ideas that put them at added risk."

It's something Brianna Starr, 29, sees a lot of, with trends on social media spreading quickly and easily.

"I think a lot of people get their information from TikTok, Instagram, Twitter, that might not be actually legit," Starr said. "And you're very influenced by your friends and peers, so you see a video or hear something from your friend, you're like, 'Oh, yes. I need to try that,' and you believe it."

Starr admits that skin cancer was not top of mind in her teens and twenties and was more concerned with getting a golden tan as she laid out in the sun sans sunscreen. But after her sister was diagnosed with melanoma at the age of 19, she got serious about protecting herself.

"There is a history of melanoma in my family, and so I started seeing a dermatologist every six months and actually flagged two separate moles, one on my neck and one on my shoulder, that were dysplastic and could have developed into melanoma."

Starr is now diligent about applying and reapplying whenever she's outdoors. Experts recommend using sunscreens with an SPF of 30 or higher and reapplying it every two hours, especially if you are sweating or are in the water.

Regular skin cancer screenings with a dermatologist or your primary care physician are also critical to catch any developing skin cancer early.

"Unfortunately we're seeing more and more in patients of a young age. And because it's something that's often not on their radar, it tends to be diagnosed in more advanced stages," Nair said. "We don't want to discourage people from being outside and being active because there are so many health benefits to that, but it's also important to know that sun protection can be lifesaving, and the only effective way of protecting yourself is limiting the effects of UV radiation on the skin."

Provided by Orlando Health
Citation: Survey finds young adults more likely to believe myths about sun protection and skin cancer prevention (2024, May 1) retrieved 22 July 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-04-survey-young-adults-myths-sun.html
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