Psychology & Psychiatry

Preventing ADHD: Positive mothers, well-behaved kids

Studies have shown that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children can be reduced through positive parenting: by encouraging them, reassuring them, structuring their tasks and, of course, giving affection.

Health

Physicians call for an end to conversion therapy

Conversion therapy is a broad term used to describe practices and actions aimed at changing people's sexual orientation or gender identity—to turn anyone who doesn't identify as "straight" into a "straight" person. Historically, ...

Obstetrics & gynaecology

Fainting during pregnancy can be risky for mother and child

Fainting, also known as syncope, is the sudden loss of consciousness. In most cases, fainting is not dangerous—unless it is complicated by a fall or other injury —and the person recovers quickly.

Attention deficit disorders

How stimulant treatment prevents serious outcomes of ADHD

An analysis of three previous studies of children and young adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) quantifies for the first time the extent to which stimulant treatment reduces the development of mood ...

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Attention

Attention is the cognitive process of selectively concentrating on one aspect of the environment while ignoring other things. Examples include listening carefully to what someone is saying while ignoring other conversations in a room (the cocktail party effect) or listening to a cell phone conversation while driving a car. Attention is one of the most intensely studied topics within psychology and cognitive neuroscience.

William James, in his textbook Principles of Psychology, remarked:

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