Immunology

Treating orphan diseases in children

Blau syndrome is an extremely rare autoimmune disease estimated to occur in fewer than one in a million people. Patients begin to show symptoms before the age of 4, and the symptoms will progress to cause serious complications ...

HIV & AIDS

How HIV infection shrinks the brain's white matter

It's long been known that people living with HIV experience a loss of white matter in their brains. As opposed to "gray matter," which is composed of the cell bodies of neurons, white matter is made up of a fatty substance ...

Inflammatory disorders

Scientists switch on tissue repair in inflammatory bowel disease

A method that instructs immune system cells to help repair damaged tissues in the intestine has been developed by researchers at KU Leuven and Seoul National University. This opens the way for more effective treatment of ...

Immunology

New insights into the control of inflammation

Scientists at The Wistar Institute discovered that Early Growth Response 1 (EGR1), a protein that turns on and off specific genes during blood cell development, inhibits expression of pro-inflammatory genes in macrophages. ...

Immunology

New research may explain severe virus attacks on the lungs

In some cases, immune cells in the lungs can contribute to worsening a virus attack. In a new study, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden describe how immune cells called macrophages develop in the lungs and which ...

Health

Liquid e-cigarette flavorings measurably injure lungs

Known for their appetizing flavors, such as bubblegum, banana and strawberry, e-cigarettes continue to grow in popularity around the world. Promoted by makers as a "healthy" alternative to regular tobacco cigarettes, researchers ...

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