Diabetes

Resistance exercise improves insulin resistance, glucose levels

A new study suggests that resistance exercise may improve indicators of type 2 diabetes by increasing expression of a protein that regulates blood sugar (glucose) absorption in the body. The paper, published ahead of print ...

Neuroscience

Seeing the brain's electrical activity

Neurons in the brain communicate via rapid electrical impulses that allow the brain to coordinate behavior, sensation, thoughts, and emotion. Scientists who want to study this electrical activity usually measure these signals ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Alternative methods needed to detect all schistosomiasis cases

To detect detect intestinal schistosome infections, the World Health Organization recommends using the Kato-Katz technique, which analyzes slides of fecal matter. But the approach often misses people who are infected with ...

Diabetes

Metformin after induction Tx may preserve beta-cell function

(HealthDay)—After induction short-term intensive insulin therapy (IIT), metformin is superior to intermittent IIT for maintaining beta-cell function and glycemic control over two years, according to a study published online ...

Neuroscience

Altered pain processing after opioid discontinuation

An imaging study of the brain and spinal cord published in JNeurosci reveals pain processing changes in healthy men after receiving a short-term application of a strong opioid. The research provides a plausible mechanism ...

Neuroscience

Understanding pain exacerbation with opioid use

A new study published in JNeurosci advances understanding of how the potent opioid analgesic fentanyl can increase pain sensitivity in animals. These findings could inform the development of treatments for chronic pain that ...

Cancer

MRI diagnostic for differentiating low-grade bladder cancers

(HealthDay)—Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is accurate in differentiating T1 or lower tumors from T2 or higher tumors among patients with bladder cancer, according to a review published in the February issue of Radiology.

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