Type 2 Diabetes
Drugs that combat ageing may be available within five years, following landmark work led by an Australian researcher. The work, published in the March 8 issue of Science, finally proves that a single anti-ageing enzyme in the ...
Medical research Mar 08, 2013 | 5 / 5 (10) | 2
(HealthDay)—Among patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes, a structured self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) protocol correlates with reductions in the level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein ...
Diabetes Mar 07, 2013 | 4 / 5 (1) | 0
Suppressing a hunger-stimulating hormone with a minimally invasive procedure was safe in humans and led to significant weight loss for at least six months in a small preliminary study being presented at the American College ...
Cardiology Mar 07, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Women who were diagnosed with gestational diabetes during pregnancy face a significantly higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes in the future, according to a recent study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society's ...
Diabetes Mar 07, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Can a Mediterranean diet suit American tastes? Experts give input on transitioning to more 'Med' meals
While a Mediterranean-type diet has long been touted as heart-healthy, it was only recently that substantial research has been done to validate this claim, said experts with the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension ...
Health Mar 06, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
(Medical Xpress)—The inflammation of fat tissue is part of a spiraling series of events that leads to the development of type 2 diabetes in some obese people. But researchers have not understood what triggers ...
Medical research Mar 05, 2013 | 5 / 5 (5) | 0 |
The gene most strongly linked to obesity and overeating may also increase the risk of malignant melanoma – the most deadly skin cancer, reveals research published in Nature Genetics.
Genetics Mar 04, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
An international group of researchers has discovered seven new regions of the human genome—called loci—that are associated with increased risk of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness. The ...
Genetics Mar 03, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
A study led by researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) has identified epigenetic mechanisms that connect a variety of diseases associated with inflammation. Utilizing molecular analyses of gene expression ...
Immunology Mar 01, 2013 | 4.8 / 5 (6) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Latina women in a diabetes-prevention program show fewer signs of depression during pregnancy and in early postpartum, a University of Michigan study indicates.
Health Mar 01, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Sitting less and moving about more could be more important than vigorous exercise to reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes
New research led at the University of Leicester reveals that individuals at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes would benefit from being told to sit less and move around more often- rather than simply exercising regularly. ...
Diabetes Feb 27, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (2) | 0
Whole grains, rather than dietary fibre, found to be fundamental to the prevention of chronic disease
The apparent links between various food types and the prevention of chronic diseases - such as type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease (CHD) and hypertension - are well established. In particular, dietary ...
Medical research Feb 27, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
In a substudy of the STAMPEDE trial (Surgical Therapy And Medications Potentially Eradicate Diabetes Efficiently), Cleveland Clinic researchers have found that gastric bypass surgery reverses diabetes by uniquely restoring ...
Surgery Feb 26, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
People who take the newest class of diabetes drugs to control blood sugar are twice as likely as those on other forms of sugar-control medication to be hospitalized with pancreatitis, Johns Hopkins researchers report.
Medications Feb 25, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 1 |
For years researchers have been searching for a way to treat diabetics by reactivating their insulin-producing beta cells, with limited success. The "reprogramming" of related alpha cells into beta cells ...
Medical research Feb 22, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (8) | 0 |
Diabetes mellitus type 2 – formerly non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes – is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. The classic symptoms are excess thirst, frequently having to urinate, and constant hunger. Type 2 diabetes makes up about 90% of cases of diabetes with the other 10% due primarily to diabetes mellitus type 1 and gestational diabetes. Obesity is the primary cause of type 2 diabetes in people who are genetically predisposed to the disease.
Type 2 diabetes is initially managed by increasing exercise and dietary modification. If blood sugars are not lowered by these measures, medications such as metformin or insulin may be needed. In those on insulin there is typically the requirement to routinely check blood sugar levels.
Rates of diabetes have increased markedly over the last 50 years in parallel with obesity. As of 2010 there are approximately 285 million people with the disease compared to around 30 million in 1985. Long-term complications from high blood sugar can include heart attacks, strokes, diabetic retinopathy where eye sight is affected, kidney failure which may require dialysis, and poor circulation of limbs leading to amputations. The acute complication ketoacidosis is uncommon unlike in type 1 diabetes, nonketonic hyperglycemia however may occur.
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.
Latest Spotlight News
New research suggests that for some hospitalized ICU patients on mechanical ventilators, using headphones to listen to their favorite types of music could lower anxiety and reduce their need for sedative medications.
59 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0 |
Over the past few decades, neuroscientists have made much progress in mapping the brain by deciphering the functions of individual neurons that perform very specific tasks, such as recognizing the location ...
5 hours ago | 5 / 5 (5) | 0 |
A new study conducted by researchers at the Child Study Center at NYU Langone Medical Center found men diagnosed as children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were twice as likely to be obese in a 33-year ...
3 hours ago | not rated yet | 0 |
Melbourne researchers have identified an immune protein that has the potential to stop or reverse the development of type 1 diabetes in its early stages, before insulin-producing cells have been destroyed.
8 hours ago | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
While the effects of acute stroke have been widely studied, brain damage during the subacute phase of stroke has been a neglected area of research. Now, a new study by the University of South Florida reports that within a ...
2 hours ago | not rated yet | 0 |
New research from the University of Southampton has shown that blind and visually impaired people have the potential to use echolocation, similar to that used by bats and dolphins, to determine the location of an object.
2 hours ago | not rated yet | 1 |
In a new study described in the journal Oncogene, researchers reveal how a key player in cell growth, immunity and the inflammatory response can be transformed into a primary contributor to tumor growth.
5 hours ago | not rated yet | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Flinders University researchers are breaking new ground in a decade-long journey to pinpoint the function of two closely related proteins.
7 hours ago | not rated yet | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Scientists at King's College London have discovered that Vitamin D has the potential to significantly reduce the symptoms of asthma. The study, led by Professor Catherine Hawrylowicz from ...
7 hours ago | not rated yet | 0 |