Medications

Peer support, healing hands may curb prescription opioid misuse

A program offering group support, acupuncture, mindfulness, massage and gentle exercise may help prevent patients on prescription opioids from spiraling down to drug misuse, overdose and death, according to a study led by ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Mental health disorders common following mild head injury

A new study reveals that approximately 1 in 5 individuals may experience mental health symptoms up to six months after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), suggesting the importance of follow-up care for these patients. Scientists ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Study links adult fibromyalgia to childhood sexual abuse

A new Tel Aviv University study finds that fibromyalgia syndrome—a chronic condition characterized by widespread pain, fatigue and cognitive difficulties—may be a consequence of post-traumatic physical and psychological ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

How virtual reality might help fight recurring nightmares

You might say that Patrick McNamara is in a frightening line of work. As a sleep researcher, he's hunting for new ways to treat people with nightmare disorder (also known as dream anxiety disorder). Being chased by a malevolent ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

PTSD alone didn't increase heart disease risk in veterans

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by itself does not explain the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in veterans with this condition. A combination of physical disorders, psychiatric disorders and smoking, that are ...

Cardiology

Many women plagued by anxiety after stroke

Angie Read Doyal was unsure if she'd be the same after her stroke. So, when she felt ready to return to work after only seven weeks of intense physical, speech and occupational therapy, she was confident.

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Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to any event that results in psychological trauma. This event may involve the threat of death to oneself or to someone else, or to one's own or someone else's physical, sexual, or psychological integrity, overwhelming the individual's ability to cope. As an effect of psychological trauma, PTSD is less frequent and more enduring than the more commonly seen acute stress response. Diagnostic symptoms for PTSD include re-experiencing the original trauma(s) through flashbacks or nightmares, avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma, and increased arousal—such as difficulty falling or staying asleep, anger, and hypervigilance. Formal diagnostic criteria (both DSM-IV-TR and ICD-10) require that the symptoms last more than one month and cause significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

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