Psychology & Psychiatry

Help for youth who have experienced sexual or physical abuse

There have not been many scientifically evaluated therapies for teens and young adults who have suffered physical or sexual abuse until now. Psychologists at Goethe University have closed the gap by developing a psychotherapeutic ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Female firefighters more likely to suffer PTSD, contemplate suicide

In the heavily male-dominated firefighting profession, females seem to take on a majority of stress. Consuelo Arbona, UH professor of counseling psychology reports in the journal Occupational Medicine that one-fifth of female ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Expert discusses misconceptions about PTSD

Shaili Jain, a Stanford psychiatrist, discusses the explosion of knowledge about post-traumatic stress disorder and the condition's widespread impact. PTSD is the subject of her new book, The Unspeakable Mind.

Medical research

The insular cortex processes pain and drives learning from pain

Pain is a deterrent that trains organisms to avoid future harmful situations. This is called "threat learning," and helps animals and humans to survive. But which part of the brain actually warns other parts of the brain ...

Health

Acupuncture equals disease prevention say new studies

Well-recognized for its therapeutic effects, acupuncture is increasingly being appreciated for its ability to promote wellness and contribute to the prevention of a broad range of conditions. A new study, which demonstrates ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

U.K. police—almost one in five suffer with a form of PTSD

Close to one in five police officers and staff in the U.K. have symptoms consistent with either post-traumatic stress disorder or what's known as "complex PTSD"—yet over two-thirds of those suffering are unaware.

Psychology & Psychiatry

Psychologists release results of survey of 'Maria generation' kids

Psychologists from the Medical University of South Carolina have just published one of the largest post-disaster screening projects in U.S. history. The report, available online through JAMA Network Open, measured the magnitude ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Some women could be more susceptible to PTSD than others, study finds

Childhood trauma is known to increase the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adulthood, especially for women, but the biological reasons for this correlation remain largely unknown. In a new study from the University ...

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Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to any event that results in psychological trauma. This event may involve the threat of death to oneself or to someone else, or to one's own or someone else's physical, sexual, or psychological integrity, overwhelming the individual's ability to cope. As an effect of psychological trauma, PTSD is less frequent and more enduring than the more commonly seen acute stress response. Diagnostic symptoms for PTSD include re-experiencing the original trauma(s) through flashbacks or nightmares, avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma, and increased arousal—such as difficulty falling or staying asleep, anger, and hypervigilance. Formal diagnostic criteria (both DSM-IV-TR and ICD-10) require that the symptoms last more than one month and cause significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

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