Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

New EEG procedure accurately measures distress caused by tinnitus

While it's especially common in older adults, tinnitus—a potentially devastating ringing in the ears—can affect people of all ages. Most often described as consistent buzzing, hissing or humming, tinnitus is usually caused ...

Medications

Australia to legalise MDMA and magic mushrooms for medical use

Australia's drugs watchdog on Friday announced that psychedelic substances MDMA and psilocybin—more commonly known as ecstasy and magic mushrooms—will soon be used in the treatment of depression and post-traumatic stress.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to any event that results in psychological trauma. This event may involve the threat of death to oneself or to someone else, or to one's own or someone else's physical, sexual, or psychological integrity, overwhelming the individual's ability to cope. As an effect of psychological trauma, PTSD is less frequent and more enduring than the more commonly seen acute stress response. Diagnostic symptoms for PTSD include re-experiencing the original trauma(s) through flashbacks or nightmares, avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma, and increased arousal—such as difficulty falling or staying asleep, anger, and hypervigilance. Formal diagnostic criteria (both DSM-IV-TR and ICD-10) require that the symptoms last more than one month and cause significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

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