Exposure to pertussis common in peds health care workers

December 17, 2013
Exposure to pertussis common in peds health care workers
Health care workers are frequently exposed to pertussis in a pediatric health care setting, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in Pediatrics.

(HealthDay)—Health care workers are frequently exposed to pertussis in a pediatric health care setting, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in Pediatrics.

In an effort to describe the epidemiology of , Danica E. Kuncio, M.P.H, from the Yale School of Public Health in New Haven, Conn., and colleagues extracted data from (OH) and infection prevention and control (IPC) records for pertussis cases that resulted in an exposure investigation. The frequency of occupational exposures was calculated in a large quaternary pediatric care network from Jan. 1, 2002, to July 18, 2011, and associated characteristics were assessed. Electronic health record data were reviewed to identify laboratory-confirmed pertussis cases not documented in OH or IPC records.

During the study period, the researchers identified 1,193 confirmed worker pertussis exposures, which were associated with 219 index cases. Of these, 38.8 percent were infants aged younger than 6 months and seven cases were . The majority of exposures (77.5 percent) occurred in an ambulatory site or in the emergency department. More than one-quarter (27 percent) of exposures occurred after documented IPC precaution initiation. Electronic health record review identified 450 laboratory-confirmed pertussis cases, of which about half (49.8 percent) had no OH or IPC investigation, with most uninvestigated cases (77.2 percent) from ambulatory sites.

"Occupational exposures to pertussis occur frequently in pediatric health care settings despite appropriate IPC guidelines," the authors write.

One author disclosed financial ties to Pfizer and Abbott Laboratories.

Explore further: Undervaccination appears associated with increased risk of whooping cough

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Undervaccination appears associated with increased risk of whooping cough

September 9, 2013
Undervaccination with the diptheria, tetanus toxoids and acelluar pertussis (DTaP) vaccine appears to be associated with an increased risk of pertussis (whooping cough) in children 3 to 36 months of age, according to a study ...

Pertussis reaches epidemic level in Washington state

July 20, 2012
(HealthDay) -- Pertussis rates may reach record levels this year in the United States, where Washington state is experiencing an ongoing epidemic, according to a report published in the July 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for ...

Pertactin-negative Bordetella pertussis identified in U.S.

February 7, 2013
(HealthDay)—Pertactin-negative variants of Bordetella pertussis have been identified in the United States; and children who receive diphtheria-tetanus-whole-cell pertussis (DTwP) priming have lower reported rates of pertussis, ...

Risk of pertussis increases as time since last dose of DTaP vaccine lengthens

November 27, 2012
In an examination of cases of childhood pertussis in California, researchers found that children with pertussis had lower odds of having received all 5 doses of the diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP) ...

Whooping cough can be deadly for infants, but 61 percent of adults don't know their vaccine status

June 17, 2013
Cases of pertussis, also known as whooping cough, are on the rise in the U.S., recently reaching their highest level in 50 years. The disease can be serious or even fatal to newborns who have not yet received vaccinations.

Whooping cough vaccine antigen disappearing from bacteria in US

December 12, 2013
Vaccines for whooping cough contain three to five protective antigens, the presence of which are critical to the vaccine's effectiveness. But one of the antigens, pertactin, which had been present in almost all isolates of ...

Recommended for you

Baby brains help infants figure it out before they try it out

January 17, 2018
Babies often amaze their parents when they seemingly learn new skills overnight—how to walk, for example. But their brains were probably prepping for those tasks long before their first steps occurred, according to researchers.

NeuroNext biomarker study explores natural history of infantile-onset SMA

January 9, 2018
Research led by The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center to define the natural history of infantile-onset spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) has been "critical" to accelerate the development of effective therapies and hasten ...

No link between childhood lead levels, later criminality

December 27, 2017
(HealthDay)— Exposure to higher levels of lead during early childhood can affect neurological development—but does that mean affected kids are doomed to delinquency?

Early puberty in girls may take mental health toll

December 26, 2017
(HealthDay)—A girl who gets her first menstrual period early in life—possibly as young as 7—has a greater risk for developing depression and antisocial behaviors that last at least into her 20s, a new study suggests.

Technology not taking over children's lives despite screen-time increase

December 21, 2017
With children spending increasing amounts of time on screen-based devices, there is a common perception that technology is taking over their lives, to the detriment and exclusion of other activities. However, new Oxford University ...

Higher blood sugar in early pregnancy raises baby's heart-defect risk

December 15, 2017
Higher blood sugar early in pregnancy raises the baby's risk of a congenital heart defect, even among mothers who do not have diabetes, according to a study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.


Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.