Researchers poke around for blood genes

USC Stem Cell researchers poke around for blood genes
From left to right, a red blood cell, a platelet and a white blood cell are shown. Credit: Public domain image courtesy of the Electron Microscopy Facility at The National Cancer Institute at Frederick

Even though the transplantation of blood stem cells, also known as bone marrow, has saved many lives over many decades, the genes that control the number or function of blood stem cells are not fully understood. In a study published in June in Stem Cell Reports, the USC Stem Cell labs of Hooman Allayee and Gregor Adams uncovered new genes that affect blood stem cell development and maintenance.

The Allayee and Adams labs performed a genetic screen of a collection of more than 100 mouse strains that are commonly used in laboratories, called the hybrid mouse diversity panel.

The researchers found that different strains have different numbers of several important sub-populations of , including those called "short-term HSCs," which are responsible for the formation of red and in adults. The activation of a gene called Hopx is associated with an increased number of short-term HSCs. The researchers further proved this finding by showing that mice lacking the Hopx gene form fewer short-term HSCs and are ineffective bone marrow donors.

"Short-term HSCs are the major in the adult , so finding new genetic regulators of this subpopulation may have clinical benefits," said Adams.

More broadly, the researchers have shown that the hybrid mouse diversity panel can be used to find genes that would otherwise go unnoticed.

"This powerful genetics platform has the potential to reveal the genes underlying other stem cell populations or a wide range of diseases that would be difficult to study in humans," said Allayee.


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More information: Stem Cell Reports, www.sciencedirect.com/science/ … ii/S2213671115001514.
Journal information: Stem Cell Reports

Citation: Researchers poke around for blood genes (2015, July 10) retrieved 21 May 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2015-07-blood-genes.html
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