Protein could prevent brain damage caused by stroke

March 20, 2017
A blood clot forming in the carotid artery. Credit: copyright American Heart Association

A small protein that could protect the brain from stroke-induced injury has been discovered by researchers from The University of Queensland and Monash University.

UQ Institute for Molecular Bioscience researcher Professor Glenn King, who led the research, said the small protein showed great promise as a future treatment.

"We believe that we have, for the first time, found a way to minimise the effects of after a stroke," Professor King said.

"The small protein we discovered, Hi1a, blocks acid-sensing ion channels in the brain, which are key drivers of brain damage after stroke.

"During preclinical studies, we found that a single dose of Hi1a administered up to eight hours after stroke protected brain tissue and drastically improved neurological performance.

"This world-first discovery will help us provide better outcomes for by limiting the brain damage and disability caused by this devastating injury."

Stroke claims six million lives worldwide each year, and five million survivors are left with a permanent disability.

Professor King said he hoped this discovery could radically improve outcomes for .

"One of the most exciting things about Hi1a is that it provides exceptional levels of protection for eight hours after stroke onset, which is a remarkably long window of opportunity for treatment," he said.

"Hi1a even provides some protection to the core region most affected by oxygen deprivation, which is generally considered unrecoverable due to the rapid cell death caused by stroke.

"We are now working to secure financial support to fast-track this promising stroke therapy towards clinical trials."

This research was published overnight in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

It involved scientists from UQ's Institute for Molecular Bioscience, School of Biomedical Sciences, Queensland Brain Institute, and Centre for Advanced Imaging; and Monash University's Biomedical Discovery Institute and Department of Pharmacology.

Explore further: New drug limits and then repairs brain damage in stroke

More information: Potent neuroprotection after stroke afforded by a double-knot spider-venom peptide that inhibits acid-sensing ion channel 1a, PNAS, www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1614728114

Related Stories

CT measures can accurately identify stroke onset

November 19, 2016

(HealthDay)—Computed tomography (CT) can measure brain water uptake, which can be used to identify stroke patients with symptom onset within 4.5 hours, according to a study published online Nov. 7 in the Annals of Neurology.

Recommended for you

Scientists identify protein linked to chronic heart failure

May 26, 2017

Researchers in Japan have identified a receptor protein on the surface of heart cells that promotes chronic heart failure. The study, "Corticotropin releasing hormone receptor 2 exacerbates chronic cardiac dysfunction," which ...

Hypertension in young adults shows long-term heart risks

May 19, 2017

Otherwise healthy young people with high systolic blood pressure over 140 are at greater risk for future artery stiffening linked to an increased risk of stroke as well as possible damage to the kidneys and brain, new research ...

Team discovers way to help heart failure patients

May 17, 2017

Shortness of breath is the No.1 complaint of people suffering from heart failure. Now a University of Guelph researcher has discovered its surprising cause - and an effective treatment - in a groundbreaking new study.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.