ACOG: Assess all active women for female athlete triad

ACOG: assess all active women for female athlete triad

(HealthDay)—All active females should be assessed for components of the female athlete triad, with further evaluation if one or more components are identified, according to a Committee Opinion published in the June issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Researchers from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' Committee on Adolescent Health Care discuss the female triad, which includes three components: low energy availability, menstrual dysfunction, and . To be affected by the condition, individuals do not need to show clinical manifestations of all components simultaneously.

The researchers note that regardless of body build or sport, all athletes are at risk for the female athlete triad. All active females should be assessed for triad components, and undergo further evaluation if one or more components are identified. Athletes should be screened for components of the female athlete triad at comprehensive visits for preventive care. Use of the can identify athletes at risk of the female athlete triad and should form part of the preparticipatory sports physical. In those diagnosed with the female athlete triad, the goal of treatment is restoration of regular menses as a marker of reestablishment of energy balance and enhancement. As the female athlete triad results from energy imbalance, the main intervention is adjusting the energy expenditure and energy availability. When nonpharmacologic treatment has failed, pharmacologic treatment may be considered.

"A team approach involving the patient, obstetrician-gynecologist, sports nutritionist, coaches, parents, and provider, if indicated, is optimal," the authors write.


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Journal information: Obstetrics & Gynecology

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Citation: ACOG: Assess all active women for female athlete triad (2017, May 30) retrieved 18 October 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2017-05-acog-women-female-athlete-triad.html
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