Doctors need cultural training

Doctors need cultural training
Cultural competency should be implemented in the medical education curriculum, according to a study from the University of Bergen. Credit: University of Bergen

A study conducted at the Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care (IGS), University of Bergen (UiB), concluded that Norwegian family doctors show little cultural competency when dealing with patients from an immigrant background.

"We need a new strategy on immigrant health, which should include an obligatory component in medical training in cultural competency," says Associate Professor Esperanza Diaz, at IGS. She is co-author on the study.

Need reflection on cultural differences

The researchers studied a group of general practitioners that were either training to become specialists or were already specialists. The study participants were asked questions about what kind of strategies they used in meetings with patients from immigrant backgrounds.

The doctors responded that they treated these patients similarly to patients without immigrant backgrounds. In follow-up discussions, the participating doctors recognised that they had experienced between the different patient groups.

"We discovered that there Norwegian doctors engage in relatively little reflection about cultural differences and the potential impact of such differences. It is as though they think they, themselves, represent the normal zero point, and this concerns us," Diaz says.

Need training in cultural competency in medical education

Diaz underlines that cultural competency should be a part of the medical education curriculum.

"Today, cultural competency depends on medical students taking personal initiatives, such as by joining special courses or engaging in voluntary activities. Cultural competency should be part of the ordinary medical education curriculum," says Esperanza Diaz.


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More information: Stefán Hjörleifsson et al, General practitioners' strategies in consultations with immigrants in Norway—practice-based shared reflections among participants in focus groups, Family Practice (2017). DOI: 10.1093/fampra/cmx097
Citation: Doctors need cultural training (2017, October 26) retrieved 16 September 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2017-10-doctors-cultural.html
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